The Impact Of Nightingale 's Notes Of Nursing On Toronto Tb Program Essay

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The Impact of Nightingale’s Notes of Nursing on the Toronto TB program
Alexandra Golan
NUR 102
Karen Kelly
November 2, 2016

The Impact of Nightingale’s Notes of Nursing on the Toronto TB program Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the top causes of death worldwide (WHO, 2016). In 2015, TB affected 10.4 million people and was the cause of death for 1.8 of them (WHO, 2016). TB is spread by air, what makes it contagious and dangerous. In order to prevent the spread of TB and support for individuals with TB as well as their families, the city of Toronto developed programs which are definitely based on Florence Nightingale’s theories regarding ventilation, clean air, observation of the sick and food. Tuberculosis is caused by the bacteria “Mycobacterium Tuberculosis” and is mainly causes infection of the lungs (WHO, 2016). Its mode of transmission is airborne, so it can be passed on by inhalation of airborne droplets which carrying the bacteria, when an infected patient coughs, sneezes, or spits the TB germs into the air (WHO, 1026). Among the symptoms of active TB are: cough with sputum and blood, chest pains, weakness, fever and night sweats (WHO, 2016). Most at risk to get the TB infection are people with weakened immune system such as people who are suffering from chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus, severe kidney disease, silicosis and especially HIV infection (CDC, 2016). Children and Tobacco users are also at greater risk to fall ill with TB.

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