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The Importance Of Human Ecology

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Human ecology is an interdisciplinary field, and it includes the interactions among humans and their natural, social, and built environments. In order to understand fields such as sociology, anthropology, psychology, home economics, etc., one must understand the different facets of human ecology. Eco-psychiatry, for example, attempts to integrate ecology and psychiatry and explores the effects of one’s environment on mental health. The environment can be biological, social, or cultural in nature. Several facets of human ecology can be linked to mental health including microbial, social, and urban ecology. The diversity of microbiota is important for mental well-being in that microbes directly influence aspects of mental health such as anxiety and stress, and the social environment is important in that adequate and quality resources are necessary for the physical and mental health of an individual. Research has shown that microbial ecology has a direct influence on the mental health of individuals. Macro-biodiversity in the external environment has been shown to influence mental well-being, and microbial diversity as a byproduct of this external biodiversity can have effects on immune function and mood. Microbes have made many genetic contributions to the human body including but not limited to protection against pathogens, nutrient absorption, and manufacture of chemicals necessary for survival. Lack of microbial diversity and dysbiosis, or microbial imbalance, due to
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