The Introduction Of The Modular Model Of Thought, By Jerry

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The introduction of the modular model of thought, by Jerry Fodor, resulted in a restructuring of how scientists view the human mind; this idea also resulted in the re-examination of the differences between the brains of anatomically modern humans (AMH) and Neanderthals (N). The modular model of thought is primarily used to describe these differences in terms of evolution, or lack thereof, in the brains of AMH and N. The differences between the brains of AMH and N are generally shown through the differing size and shape relative to each other with distinctly different types of behavior shown by each group. These differences are highlighted no better than in the area of innovation, in which, N showed almost no progress after almost 150 …show more content…

The answer to the question posed above lies in the philosophical idea of dualism; this idea finds its roots in Platonic and Aristotelian philosophy, mainly in the idea of multiple souls. This idea, then must be examined via the correspondence of the distinctive functions of plants, animals, and people: a nutritive soul of growth and metabolism that all three share; a perceptive soul of pain, pleasure, and desire that only people and other animals share; and the faculty of reason that is unique to people only. This must be synthesized into the assumption that the way in which the body would be controlled by the mind in the Cartesian view would hinge on the ability of the soul, in its multiple parts, to control the body esoterically without the interference of the brain.
This idea, then leads onward to the ideas of Noam Chomsky, who viewed the mind as a body in and of itself which had its own “organs”. These “organs” were construed as “ontogenetic development is to be viewed as the unfolding of an "intrinsically determined process." In particular: "... we take for granted that the organism does not learn to grow arms or to reach puberty.... When we turn to the mind and its products, the situation is not qualitatively different from what we find in the case of the body"” (Fodor, The Modularity of the Mind). This idea then leads to the premise that what Chomsky thinks is innate is nothing more than a body knowledge that a child is born knowing

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