The Issue Of Cyber Crime

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Introduction Anonymity has always been a desirable result when criminals commit a crime. Whether a person is covering their face with a ski mask as they physically rob a bank or someone infiltrates a hospital’s network to steal personal information for ransom, every criminal finds comfort in the warped sense that their identity will most likely be unknown, which will allow them to evade law enforcement. Due to technological advancements, criminals are more likely to remain anonymous after committing a criminal act when they engage in cyber crime. As a result, organized crime has been able to evolve due to the rapid emergence of technology, presenting the greatest threat to the transnational community known to date. ‘Hacktivism,’ which is the act of breaking into computer systems for politically and/or socially motivated purposes, is challenging the fine line between basic rights and criminality. The majority of criminals on the Internet have portrayed themselves as ‘hacktivists,’ however, the distinction between criminals and ‘hacktivists’ questions the extent of the rule of law in cyberspace. Cyberspace is defined as “the electronic medium of computer networks, in which online communication takes place.” In view of the nature of cyberspace, ‘hacktivism’ naturally transcends borders, thus, making this an emerging transnational issue that needs to be addressed as soon as possible. The best way to visualize cyberspace is understanding Thomas Hobbes’ theory on the natural
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