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The Issue Of Dropping Out

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Topic: What are the systems and supports that continuation high schools provide to students that address the issue of dropping out ? What are the factors that contribute to students dropping out?

Literature Review
Introduction
Education reform has been at the forefront of federal legislation for the past few decades. Despite the academic gains made since the enactment of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB; a reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act first enacted in 1965 and reauthorized in 1994), nearly one-third of all high school students leave the public school system before graduating (Orfield, Losen, and Swanson, 2004), and the problem is particularly severe among students of color and students with disabilities (Greene & Winters, 2005). By the end of the 2011 school year it is estimated that more than 1.2 million of the nation’s students would decide to dropout of high school (Altenbaugh, Engel & Martin (1995); Cortez and Cortez (2004). One of the greatest challenges for educators and educational institutions revolves around dropout prevention and ensuring students are enrolled through high school until they graduate. In California continuation high schools are invisible school settings due to the perception communities have established overtime. However, state school authorities estimate that over 115,000 California high school students will pass through one of the state’s 519 continuation high schools each year, either on their way to
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