gaining momentum in which Stalin toasted the writers saying, “Here someone correctly said that a writer must not sit still, that a writer must know the life of a country. And that is correct. Man is remade by life itself. But you, too, will assist in remaking his soul. That is important, the production of souls. And that is why I raise my glass to you, writers, the engineers of the human soul.” (Finn, Couvee 5). While Stalin may have toasted the writers in that moment, much like Ahkmatova discusses in her poem “The Last Toast” this speech on Stalin’s behalf was filled with lies that ultimately betrayed the writers of the Soviet Union, because rather than helping to engineer human souls, those who went along with the propaganda and Stalin were crushing their own souls, the souls of their colleagues, and the souls of a country.
Throughout Dr Zhivago we see Pasternaks protagonist experience a loss of idealism and hope for what Revolution meant to his people and his country. At the beginning of the revolution, Pasternak seems to embody Zhivago himself in regards to his idealism towards revolution as he writes, “I watched a meeting last night. An astounding spectacle, Mother Russia has begun to move, she won’t stay put, she walks and never tires of walking, she talks and can’t talk enough. And it’s not as if only people are talking. Stars and trees come together and converse, night flowers philosophize and stone buildings hold meetings.” (Pasternak 170). However, this idealism
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In “ How Doctor Die,” Ken Murry explains the choice of doctors when they have a terminal illness. From the beginning, Ken gives an example of an orthopedist who was diagnosed with stomach cancer. He quit his job and spent the rest of his day with his family. A doctor is a person who treats disease and saves patients; however, when they have an illness, they are also like other patients. They meet difficult situations with their patients but also feel for them. They tend to be fair because they know about medicine and its limits. They do not want to die. Surely, each doctor has the preparation for death, and they want to find a way to die in peace. On the other hand, some patients try to find a method to overcome their illness although they have to bear pain. What I take from Murray’s essay is that patients have a right to chose how they die . Every one dies, eventually, but I agree with Murray that the choice needs to be an informed decision.
The art of medicine is often portrayed throughout the variations of Peter Pan, whether positive or negative. Medicine takes shape in many forms; ranging from real, but make believe medicine, to pretend healing, to even poison. When taking these things into consideration, one can see how medicine is used to stay a child throughout Peter Pan.
The Great Terror was one of the single greatest loss of lives in the history of the world. It was a crusade of political tyranny in the Soviet Union that transpired during the late 1930’s. The Terrors implicated a wide spread cleansing of the Communist Party and government officials, control of peasants and the Red Army headship, extensive police over watch, suspicion of saboteurs, counter-revolutionaries, and illogical slayings. Opportunely, some good did come from the terrors nonetheless. Two of those goods being Sofia Petrovna and Requiem. Both works allow history to peer back into the Stalin Era and bear witness to the travesties that came with it. Through the use of fictional story telling and thematic devises Sofia Petrovna and Requiem, respectively, paint a grim yet descriptive picture in a very efficient manner.
Survival of the Sickest is a fascinating book that explores why we need disease and how different diseases have evolved from the beginning of time. Author, Dr. Sharon Moalem goes beyond the surface and answers many questions about evolution and disease for example, “Was diabetes evolution’s response to the last Ice Age?” and many others. Dr. Moalem shares how many of the diseases that we call harmful today have actually proven to be beneficial to survival for our ancestors. This book shows how every single thing that our ancestors have done in the past from the environment they lived in to the food they ate can be seen in our genetic code. Survival of the Sickest does not solely focus on the history of disease and evolution, it shows the reader
The detachment from the Cold War politics that pervaded the study of Lenin and Stalinism and increased access to source material previously hidden has created a more objective viewpoint that almost mediates between Soviet and right wing Western historians, both identifying changes and lines of continuity. One such historian writes ‘Excesses were the essence of historical Stalinism, and they are what really require explanation’. Identified here is the fact that many of the ideas and practices seen under Lenin were continued and most importantly, developed by Stalin. His personality, even Pipes admits, sets him apart from Lenin and goes some way towards explaining the frequent examples of what Stalin would have called ‘Leninist’ ideologies and acts taken to a new level. One such example is the use of terror.
Feminism has been a term used by many authors and writers for centuries, symbolizing women being able to use freedom the way they want to, not the way others want them to use it. Edna Pontellier, the main character in Kate Chopin’s novel The Awakening, experiences an “awakening” in her life, where she discovers her position in the universe and goes in this direction instead of what others like her husband Leonce tell her to take, similar to the style of feminism. “In short, Mrs. Pontellier was beginning to realize her position in the universe as a human being, and to recognize her relations as an individual to the world within and about her,” (pg. 14). Chopin’s novel, published in 1899, received criticism and controversy because of its fashion of how it pictured feminism, especially with Edna taking her own life after learning she has no purpose in the world and wishes to cease existing. The Awakening uses symbols to express feminism in Edna’s eyes, such as birds, which represent Edna feeling caged in rather than being free, and the ocean, which depicts escape from reality, where Edna drowns herself.
Birds are the main theme in the novel The Awakening. Many people when they read the first statement, should be perplexed and try to grasp the concept of how birds can be the main theme of The Awakening. However, throughout the novel, we see many examples of birds appearing in the text. Many great authors use the power of symbolism to establish a connection between an object that seems ordinary to a human counterpart whose actions and intentions are masked by the way the actions are executed. In The Awakening, Kate Chopin uses birds to represent the different parts of Edna’s life and how they relate to her throughout the text.
There are considerable amounts of critical debates regarding the way Kate Chopin ended her novel, The Awakening. One group of commentators say that the main character 's, Edna Pontellier 's, awakening is one of psychological lucidity and that her suicide is an act of success. This meaning that Edna finally frees herself from social restrictions and rules by committing suicide and is thus seen as the greatest feminist. Other commentators, on the other hand, believe that Edna 's development throughout the novel is her character slowly descending into lunacy, and that her act of suicide is one of surrender and “a pathetic defeat that is inconsistent with the depiction of her previous strength and achievements” (242) according to George
Were it a testimony to the rigors and cruelness of human nature, it would be crushing. As it is, it shatters our perception of man and ourselves as no other book, besides perhaps Anne Franke`s diary and the testimony of Elie Wiesl, could ever have done. The prisoners of the labor camp, as in Shukhov?s predicament, were required to behave as Soviets or face severe punishment. In an almost satirical tone Buinovsky exclaims to the squadron that ?You?re not behaving like Soviet People,? and went on saying, ?You?re not behaving like communist.? (28) This type of internal monologue clearly persuades a tone of aggravation and sarcasm directly associated to the oppression?s of communism.
Many characters are shaped by what real life societal roles and laws are in place at that time period. This is the case for Edna Pontellier in the Awakening by Kate Chopin. She struggles between fitting into the societal norms for women at the time, the late nineteenth century, and what she feels is right for herself. This aspect of American culture played a role in shaping the novel through characterization, symbolism, and themes.
When comparing passionate versus companionate love, there really isn’t a better option of the two due to how both are almost always required for a long and secure marriage. In Janie’s case, out of the three men she married, none of them had both the qualities of romance and stability which is why their marriages all went downhill. However, Tea Cake was an exception, due to how his death before him being able to provide Janie with material security caused readers to never know whether if he would become like Joe Starks and eventually lose the intimacy between him and Janie or remain loving and romantic towards her. However, it is guaranteed that if he did remain intimate towards Janie if he became successful, then most likely, they would have
Joseph Stalin was the leader of Russia from 1920 till his death in 1953. He was a dictator during that time and with his absolute power he used propaganda to make him seem like a caring person. People would believe this propaganda and would praise Stalin. A writer called A.O Avidenko wrote a hymn to Stalin thanking him for everything. Avidenko wrote “ Stalin I shall be eternally happy and joyous, all thanks to thee, great educator, Stalin” (Document J). Avidenko believed Joseph Stalin was the cause to all his happiness. Avidenko was a writer and would his spread his ideas about Stalin through what he wrote. As more people read what he wrote they would start praising Stalin as well. The people respected Avidenko and took his writing as truth. Stalin would maintain his power if people continued to believe in him. This propaganda would influence the public so Stalin could use it for his advantage. He would be trusted and respected from Avidenko’s writing.It was a great way to get the public too continue to trust him and all his ideas. With all his praise and respect he was able to maintain his
From Stalin’s Cult of Personality to Khrushchev’s period of De-Stalinization, the nation of the Soviet Union was in endless disarray of what to regard as true in the sense of a socialist direction. The short story, This is Moscow Speaking, written by Yuli Daniel (Nikolai Arzhak) represents the ideology that the citizens of the USSR were constantly living in fear of the alternations of their nation’s political policies. Even more, the novella gives an explanation for the people’s desire to conform to the principles around them.
Raymond Chandler’s hardboiled detective novel, The Big Sleep is a story of murder mysteries, revelations, blackmailing and lies that the private detective Philip Marlowe gets caught up in. Marlowe is a private detective who is hired by the millionaire General Sternwood to tackle a blackmail attempt on his one of the two wild daughters, Carmen Sternwood by a man named Arthur Geiger. Arthur Geiger is a bookseller; therefore, Marlowe begins to investigate about his bookstore. Consequently, he meets Agnes Lozelle, the clerk of the pornography library disguised as a bookstore. She is Brody’s girlfriend, but after his death, she is seen to be in cahoots with Harry Jones to blackmail Marlowe by offering information about the location of Mona Mars. Although Harry Jones is a deceiver, a chronic liar and an appalling tailgater, but his loyalty and morality command respect. As the novel progresses, there is more to it. It is not just a blackmail attempt that Marlowe has to deal with, but complications such as extortion, kidnapping and seduction as well.
Nikolai Bukharin was a man deeply devoted to the Soviet cause and the spread and success of Communism. He entered the political scene at the age young of 16, still a student himself, and was once described by Lenin as being the “golden boy of the revolution (Gregory 2010). Unfortunately, Bukharin could not know that his political goals and desires would be his downfall and the cause of his execution on March 14th 1938, betrayed by a man he once considered a friend, Joseph Stalin. Reduced to just one of the 328,618 victims during 1938 as part of Stalin’s Great Terror (Kuromiya 2007,713). In final months of his imprisonment, and life, he wrote many letters to Stalin. Notably , in his December 10th 1937 letter, he pleaded for mercy, for