The Major Impacts Of Industrialization During The Industrial Revolution In India

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During the industrial revolution in England, there was a mass movement of people from rural areas to booming cities where small, factory towns became industrialized metropolises almost overnight, which created a large gap between the rich and the poor. This phenomenon was similar to what happened to the city of Bombay. This income gap in Bombay exists because of the lack of priority to education and healthcare for all of India during British colonialism. Because of this, only the richest in India’s society reap the benefits of industrialization and globalization. While the government has tried to implement some welfare reforms in India, it has been undermined by the corruption in the government because the rich bribe politicians to keep society the way it is. The wide income gap in Indian society has been the main effect of industrialization and can be traced back to the times of British colonialism. Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first prime minister, stated that India was wealthy until the eighteenth century and the areas longest under British rule were now the poorest, mainly agriculture (Robb, 2). The British implemented a cash-crop system in the village farms and took out food crops that millions of families relied in for nourishment. Under this system, the village system crumbled and these areas were ones that were converted into crowded slums due to the outward expansion of industrializing cities. The British rule overall hindered India’s development by superimposing a
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