The Manhattan Project: The Impact Of The Atomic Bombs

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As the last shots of World War II were fired in Europe, the U.S. had a plan for their new advanced weapons of mass destruction. The atomic bombs were dropped on Japan in early August of 1946 (Kennedy). These bombs and their short-lived history have had a huge impact on modern warfare and the essence of power surrounding a country. The Manhattan Project began in a frantic effort to end World War II before the Germans got their hands on the technology. As a result of this project, countries could now interact differently in terms of warfare and how they handle hostile foreign affairs. Right after the beginning of WWII, Einstein, with the help of Hungarian physicist Leo Szilard, sent a letter to the United States as a warning about German…show more content…
Just three days later, Germany and Italy declared war on the United States (Gosling). Spurred into action, research ramped in mid December. On December 18, 1941, Lawrence went to Washington and asked for four hundred thousand dollars. This money was to be spent on electromagnetic separation research where Nier had dismissed the idea of being feasible. Due to the attack on Pearl Harbor and the war in Europe, the money was given to him almost without discussion. For the next six months, Lawrence worked in the lab with his cyclotron and uranium. The money was spent on the production of a mass spectrograph almost five times the size of his original cyclotron…show more content…
We offered peace as long as the Japanese surrendered unconditionally, but they would not take the offer. American bombers dropped pamphlets all over Japan warning them to surrender or they would be destroyed. The arrogant Japanese would not surrender because of the success they had earlier in the war. On August 6, 1945, the United States, tired of the war, dropped Little Boy (the first atomic bomb) from the Enola Gay on Hiroshima. Little Boy killed seventy thousand people instantaneously, one hundred and sixty thousand were killed, wounded, or missing, and sixty thousand later died of burns and radiation disease. Japan refused to surrender even after such a devastating event. On August 9, 1945, hoping to finally defeat the Japanese, The United States dropped a second bomb on Nagasaki. This bomb, Fat Boy, killed or wounded eighty thousand people. The shell-shocked Japanese finally had enough and surrendered on August 10, 1945
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