The Multics Operating System Project Undertaken At The Massachusetts Institute Of Technology

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The Multics operating system project undertaken at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in the 1960s was a novel and powerful approach that helped shape the subsequent course of computing technology. In particular, Multics served as the model for utility computing and the various kinds of on-demand software, platforms, and infrastructure services that exist today. Multics was the first instance of the cloud. Leaving networked computers inside, Multics also offered a novel approach to hierarchical file structures that served as a model for future security approaches.
Description of Multics: From Inception to Last Instance Multics is the shortened name of the Multiplexed Information and Computing Service. Multics grew out of the idea, proposed by MIT’s John McCarthy and some other computer scientists in the 1950s, that computers ought to have time-sharing capabilities (Garfinkel, 1999). At the time, computers were used by one person at a time, which was economically and scientifically inefficient (Bourne, 1978). There were various demonstrations of effective time-sharing on computers before the debut of Multics (Creasy, 1981). The true novelty of Multics lay in McCarthy’s vision, promoted in a 1961 lecture, for computing as a utility (Steele Jr, 1975). McCarthy suggested that, in the future, computing power could be allocated among geographically dispersed users, much in the manner that an electrical utility disperses electricity to a large and geographically

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