The Mutual Impact Between Amsterdam And The Voc

2165 WordsOct 15, 20149 Pages
The Mutual Impact Between Amsterdam and the VOC The Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie, or The Dutch East India Company, was the first multinational corporation in history (Shorto 103). In the interest of conserving space, the Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie will be shortened to the VOC in this paper. Founded in 1602, the VOC was primarily a trading company, but also had the power to declare wars, create colonies, and negotiate treaties (Briney). The VOC’s massive reach across the globe and its ability to transport large quantities of goods caused entire populations to rely on foreign trade to survive (Shorto 104). Even Japan, who had a general policy of refusing foreign trade, allowed the VOC to trade with them for two centuries…show more content…
Early Amsterdammers were at war with water because the settlers needed to drain the marshy terrain to obtain land suitable for building and farming. The owner of any given parcel of land was responsible for seeing that the dykes that held back the water were maintained and keeping their land dry. If one neglected their duties, water would sweep in and cause destruction to not only the negligent party’s land, but everyone’s (Mak 11). Flooding caused destruction of property and crops and essentially lowered chances of survival. Because it was vital to cooperate with others, despite potential differences and disagreements, the Dutch developed a pragmatic and collaborative outlook. Draining water to create land also affected the area’s geography. To remove the water, it had to be directed into canals that ran directly into the ocean or natural rivers (Mak 11). These canals proved to be an advantage, as traders could easily anchor and load boats directly where their homes or stores were. Although this made loading goods easier, traders first had to take convoluted routes through twisting rivers to sell their wares because their boats were unfit for the open-sea. Then, with the invention of a ship called a cog, trading routes could now stretch across seas. The cogs themselves could also carry five to ten times more cargo than earlier boats. Because Dutch traders could go to farther ports to trade, their cities, namely Amsterdam, became
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