The Pathophysiology Of Obesity And Obesity

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The pathophysiology of obesity is when there is a buildup of excess body fat. This excess body fat is determined by calculating a person body mass index (BMI). The BMI is calculated by an individual’s weight in kilograms divided by the square of a person’s height in metersthis allows us to come up with appropriate range of weight to an individual’s height. The body mass index is used to find out if an individual is overweight or obese. Individuals who’s BMI that have a range of 25 to 29.99 are thought to be pre- obese and overweight When an individual body mass index has surpassed 30kg this person is considered obese. As an individual’sBMI increases they become part of a different class of obesity there’s class I which is 30-34.9, class II …show more content…

All patients regardless of healthy BMI or not should have their BMI check by a healthcare worker at least yearly. Patients that are noted to have one co morbidity and a BMI of 25 should be counseled on weight loss. Patients that are noted to be obese have a suggested weight loss goal of anywhere from 3% to 10%. Obesity is a lifestyle disease so it would only be right to have the next point beginning at changing your diet, and physical activity while still counseled by your healthcare worker. When dieting an individual’s diet should be tailored to their co morbidities if any present. Patient that need to be counseled will need to be advised on how to reduce their caloric intake while gradually starting toincreasetheirworkouts and physical activity. A caloric restriction of 1800 kcal for men and 1500 kcal a day for women is usually recommended. Some patients may also benefit from different workout programs like group sessions or one to one sessions with a personal trainer. If those intervention fail and the patient has a BMI of 40 or more or a BMI of 35 or more with one or more comorbidities some form of bariatric surgery may be suggested. There are not many pharmaceutical treatments available for weight loss management. Many of these drugs on the market are known to have severe side effects such as cardiac

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