The Politics And Tactics Of Isil And Al Qaeda

1226 Words Sep 16th, 2016 5 Pages
Compare and contrast the politics and tactics of ISIL and al-Qaeda.
Islamist group is known to be having the highest degree of terrorist attack, especially among the Sunni orientated groups. Islamic terrorism is described as the post-cold war phenomena, particularly after the 911 attack, there is on average an attack every day around the world.
Introduction ISIL
Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), which controls territory mainly in Iraq and Syria, was formed in April 2013, it was grown out of al Qaeda. The main ideology behind the organisation is based on Islamism, Salafism and Salafi Jihadism. ISIS was originally founded by Abu Musab al Zarqawi in Iraq. Before ISIL was established, Zarqawi has set up an al Qaeda franchise in Iraq during the occupation of country by the Americans. Later, however, Zarqawi became so extreme, his brutal actions in Iraq offended the jihadists, and led to al Qaeda disavowing him.

Introduction Al-Qaeda
Al Qaeda, on the other hand, is a militant Sunni Islamist multi-national organization founded by Osama bin Laden and several other Arabians in 1988. They emerged out of the anti-Soviet jihad in Afghanistan in the 1980s. The al Qaeda is described as a universal or abstract group of terrorist movement that operate in many countries around the world, consisting of its foundational member Osama bin Laden, Ayman al Zawahiri, Abdullah Azzam and so on.

ISIL and al Qaeda are both identified as universalists groups. These group…

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