Analysis of the population of the US brings forward that it constitutes twenty-five percent of the total population who are under the benchmark of eighteen years and are classified as juveniles. This group of individuals has enlarged over the last three decades and is expected to exhibit an increasing pattern for another decade too. Demographic experts assert that juveniles can be divided into further sub-groups and with an increase in their overall population, number of children and youth in different classes will change accordingly. As the proportion of likable offenders rises, the juvenile justice system will display transformations in synchrony with it (OJJDP, n.d.).
Criminal justice professionals explicate that…show more content… Juveniles are also witnessed to suffer from severe forms of victimization, as well, which includes beating, sexual and oral abuse, theft, and others. Juvenile justice system addresses all these aspects and punishes the convicted according to the severity of the offense (OJJDP, n.d.).
Records surface that the data of juvenile delinquency has shown an accelerating pattern since the last couple of decades. With the onset of the decade of the 1990s, the rate of juvenile crime rampantly increased. It, in turn, induced fear and concern among people who questioned the efficacy of juvenile justice system. Nevertheless, the states then devised and implemented new legislative measures to control the incidents of the juvenile offense, which proved to be effective at that time (OJJDP, n.d.). As of 2012, for every 100,000 youth’s ages 10 through 17 in the United States there were 3,941 arrests. The inclusive juvenile arrest rate was 38% lower in 2012 than in 1980 (OJJDP, n.d.). Nevertheless, the cases of robbery by juveniles have abated during the first decade of the twenty-first century. Reports verify that the pattern of cases registered in the juvenile courts has shown correlation with the arrests recorded of the offenders. However, the grave criminal actions like rape, robbery, criminal homicide and severe forms of assaults have reduced as per the FBI