The Prenatal Environment

981 Words Jan 28th, 2018 4 Pages
The fetal environment for a growing embryo is incredibly important. Since the embryo acts as a protective shield to the baby and a place for nurturance and growth, any alterations to that development can be detrimental. The embryo is affected by many different actions the mother does, like gain a significant amount of weight during pregnancy. Weight gain has the ability to be a significant risk factor for the growing fetus (Bilder et al., 2013). The production of steroids in utero is vital to a healthy development and excessive weight gain disturbs this natural production and exchange between the baby and the mother (Bilder et al., 2013). Previous studies have looked at the BMI of a woman before becoming pregnant, and have found that a BMI of over 30 is considered a risk factor for ASD. Bilder et al. (2013) looked specifically at gaining weight during pregnancy and the risk factors involved related to ASD. There appears to be a significant risk for autism spectrum disorders and weight gain during pregnancy (Bilder et al., 2013). There are many reasons a woman may gain more than the recommended weight during her pregnancy, and stress can certainly play a large role in this.
Another risk factor that Gardener, Spiegelman, & Buka (2009) has shown to affect the…
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