The Pros And Cons Of Universal Determinism

1260 Words6 Pages
Everyday we make choices about what we wear, what we eat, and what we do. However, are we actually making these decisions? One of the greatest debates in philosophy, and life is if we are truly free or not. Many philosophers have made arguments that we make our own choices while others have decided that other forces outside of ourselves predetermine are choices. Universal Determinism is the theory that every occurrence in the universe is determined before it ever happened. This means that every choice you made since you woke up this morning was determined prior to ever making that decision. This poses an apparent threat to the idea that our actions are free because the thesis of Universal Determinism means we do not have free will and all the choices that we have made and will make have already been decided by a force outside of ourselves. If Universal Determinism is true all of our actions can be predicted. Freedom of action is acting in a way that you could have done differently while freedom of will is having the will to choose what you want to do. When philosophers discuss free will, they are actually questioning freedom of action; despite being a question of freedom of action, philosophers actually call it freedom of will. Philosophers have separated into two groups of debate in the conversation of free will Compatibilism and Incompatibilism. These philosophers of Compatibilism and Incompatibilism, which can be separated into Hard Determinism and Libertarianism
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