The Role Of Nationalism As A Cause Of The Failure Of Democracy

2966 Words Apr 8th, 2015 12 Pages
Assess the importance of Nationalism as a cause of the failure of democracy in Germany in the period 1918-1934.

Nationalism was an important and fundamental factor in the downfall of the Weimar Republic and in turn, the ensuring failure of democracy in Germany in the period of 1918-1934. Nationalism is a political and social philosophy that aims to emphasise the nation’s virtues above others. It is a principle of a nation’s demand to be more powerful and successful than any other. A sense of loyalty and dedication to one’s nation, which Germans had felt in their militaristic past, was devastated by World War 1 (WWI) and its consequences. Soon after the signing of the Treaty of Versailles in 1919, the Allies forced Germany into adopting a ‘democracy’, which had major impacts on the nation. It was the beginning of a new political system that was unfamiliar, and if not, unappealing to many Germans. This period was called the Weimar Republic. It was unacceptable to nationalists as they saw the 1918 revolution as an end to the German History and they never forgave the republicans for having helped to overthrow the monarchy. Loyalty to the fatherland required disloyalty to the republic. Several attempts to install nationalistic beliefs back in the Government occurred, the most important of these being the Kapp Putsch by the right-wing nationalists and the ‘Beer Hall’ Putsch by the right-wing Nazi party. The cynicism felt by the people and their need to restore pride in their…
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