The Role Of Role Identity And The Second Hypothesis Of Life, And Well- Being Among Volunteers

1435 Words Oct 16th, 2015 6 Pages
The article is called “Role-Identity Salience, Purpose and Meaning in Life, and Well- Being Among Volunteers”, which is written by Peggy A. Thoits, from Social Psychology Quarterly, published in 2012, volume 75, starting at page 360.
In the beginning, Thoits’s main argument is that holding a social role that is important to the person leads to a purposeful and meaningful life, thus improving their mental and physical health. It is later broken down to four hypotheses. The first hypothesis states that the importance of a role identity influences one’s health. The second hypothesis says that one’s purpose and meaning is influenced by the importance of the role identity. The third hypothesis states that one’s mental and physical health is affected by his/her purpose and meaning in life. Finally, the fourth hypothesis says the relationship between role identity importance and health is explained by the meaningful life obtained from that role.
In the article, the symbolic interactionist theory is being tested. She states specifically “According to theory, individuals obtain classifications of themselves as social objects and evaluations of themselves as worthy and competent social actors through taking the role of the other and accepting others’ categorizations and appraisals of them as self descriptive”. In this theory, role identities define who people are and show how they are expected to behave according to society. Each role has expectations and responsibilities.…
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