The Similarities And Differences Of Reconstruction During The Civil War

713 Words3 Pages
The Civil War immensely altered the United States both politically and economically. After an intense battle between the Union and the Confederacy, the nation was in complete shambles and the uncertainty of the country lingered throughout. During the bloody war, Abraham Lincoln began proposing ways in which would bring the South back into the Union. Lincoln’s proposition ultimately initiated Reconstruction that would last for over a decade. The plan for Reconstruction was separated into three divisions: Wartime Reconstruction, Presidential Reconstruction, and Congressional Reconstruction. Although all three plans were intended to rebuild the nation, they share several similarities and differences. Wartime Reconstruction, also known as Lincoln’s Plan, began with the issuing of Lincoln’s Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction. The proclamation offered full pardons and the restoration of civil rights to individuals who took an oath of allegiance to the Union; the proclamation also did not include those who held authority in the Confederate military and were former political leaders (Oakes 456). In an effort to continue his speedy process of reconstructing the nation, Lincoln soon thereafter the issuing of the Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction, issued the 10% plan. The 10% plan stated that “a state can be readmitted back to the US when 10% of voters in the election of 1860 took an oath of loyalty” (Coffey, Michele). Lincoln’s 10% plan was not intended to punish
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