The Similarities and Differences of 17th Century Europe and Japan (

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The Similarities and Differences of 17th Century Japan and Europe (1500 to 1700) Japan, from 1500 to almost 1700, was undergoing a major transformation. The Society of Jesus was founded by Ignatius Loyola and approved by Pope Paul III as a religious order within the Catholic Church in 1540. Francis Xavier was the first Jesuit sent to preach religion outside of Europe. Three Portuguese traders whose ship was blown to Japan in 1542 or 1543 are the first Europeans known to have set foot there. Only a few years after their arrival, Francis Xavier made it to Japan in 1549; however, he died in 1552. Alessandro Valignano was another prominent European figure in Asia and especially in Japan and was…show more content…
The Catholic Church came back with a “counterreformation” against the Protestants. There counter attack consisted of the Society of Jesus, called the Jesuits. According to Sherman, Grunfeld, Markowitz, Rosner, and Heywood (2006), “The Jesuits became an arm of the Church in combating Protestantism, spreading Catholicism to foreign lands and gaining influence within Catholic areas of Europe” (p. 201). Pope Paul III accepted the Jesuits’ proposal in 1540. Some decades later, James I, who became King of England upon Queen Elizabeth’s death, began challenging parliament on who should have absolute power. He felt that all kings should have absolute power since even God had deemed Kings Gods. This is displayed in his speech to parliament in 1610: “The state of Monarchy is the supremest thing upon earth; for kings are not only God’s lieutenants upon earth and sit upon God’s throne, but even by God himself they are called gods” (Sherman et al., 2006, p. 201). He goes on to say that they exult a “Divine power” upon earth and that they have the same power as God in that they “make and unmake their subjects; they have power of raising and casting down; of life and death; judges over all their subjects and in all causes, and yet accomptable to none but God only” (Sherman et al., 2006, p. 201). Parliament countered James I attack by describing the power due only

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