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The Song Of Roland : The Power Of Christianity

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The crusades ignited religious power amongst people in different parts of Europe. If you look in a dictionary, the word crusade is defined as a medieval military expedition. There were a series of crusades made by Europeans to recover the Holy Land from the Muslims in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries (Dictionary.com). The loss of Edessa to the Muslims stunned Europe and united a crusade. Pope Eugenius II called the second crusade into effect. It was promoted by Saint Bernard of Clairvaux along with his Cistercian monks. Many people would link Saint Bernard of Clairvaux to the fictional character Archbishop Turpin from The Song of Roland. These two both embody the tradition of the church militant and the idea of fighting for the one true God. When analyzing The Song of Roland and the documents on the first and second crusade, it’s evident Archbishop Turpin’s values model the first and second crusade. Through the power of persuasion, Archbishop Turpin and Saint Bernard of Clairvaux could convince Christians to fight with them for a spiritually cleansing reward. During the 12th century and through the first two crusades, the idea of fighting for God was the arguably the best way to get people to join the fight. The way Archbishop Turpin battled the pagans reflected Pope Urban II’s point of view in his speech at the Council of Clermont in 1095. The Council of Clermont was the direct inspiration for the first crusade. In this speech, Pope Urban II shouts of the
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