The Spanish American War Essay

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The Spanish American War, also known as “The Splendid Little War,” was a short-lived conflict between the United States and Spain in 1898. This war was a pretext for the Philippines War. During this time period Spain had control over several territories within the Caribbean because they were still a colonial power. Although Spain had control of the territories of Cuba and the Philippines, the inhabitants began to grow more and more rebellious as time passed. With the tension building between Spain and its territories, the United States was in a position to become their ally and help them fight to win their independence and gain territory within the Caribbean and Pacific at the same time. United States involvement is said to have risen…show more content…
Wetzel (2012) contends that by 1898 some observers thought that 400,000 Cubans had died in these camps. (p. 408) Because of the reconcentrado policy in Cuba, U.S. public opinion of war was aroused and war sentiment rose. Regardless of the armistice McKinley proposed to Spain in Cuba and although McKinley was informed that the queen of Spain ordered hostilities be suspended, he asked Congress for authority to intervene in Cuba. Soon after, Congress passed resolves to demand that Spain withdrawal from Cuba. The U.S. also set terms that they will not withdraw from this island until independence was assured in Cuba, also known as the Teller Amendment. Congress declared war on Spain by authorizing the enlistment of volunteer troops and the U.S. instituting a blockade of Spanish ports. (Key Events in the Spanish-American War, 2013, p. 1) As previously mentioned, once the war began, the warfare was very short-lived and one-sided. When George Dewey’s squadron defeated a Spanish fleet in four hours in the harbor of Manila, Philippine Islands, this marked one of the first incidents in this war. From this thorough victory, Dewey became a renowned hero within the United States. It was evident that the Spanish forces during this engagement were very weak, but during heavy fighting at San Juan Hill Theodore Roosevelt’s Rough Riders gained a reputation. (Key Events in the Spanish-American War, 2013, p. 2) The efficacious land and sea assault of Cuba resulted in Spanish
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