The State Of Nature By Thomas Hobbes And Jean Jacques Rousseau

1800 WordsAug 21, 20168 Pages
For centuries the question whether war is a product of Man 's nature or an outcome of nurture has been a source of intellectual debate. In the seventeenth and the eighteenth centuries each of the political philosophers, Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacques Rousseau took different stances regarding this issue in their deduction of "the state of nature"; a concept describing people 's lives before the existence of civilized societies and laws. Thomas Hobbes imagines a state of nature where each person is naturally fully free to do whatever he wants and to act as he thinks right regardless what others think. In the absence of authority and laws to put an end to the aftermath disputes, Hobbes imagines that people lived in a state of war. In such a situation, people have natural right to do anything to protect their lives and properties, "they are in that condition which is called warre; and such a warre as is of every man against every man". As a result life is a brutish, short and a poor one (np.). Hobbes described this natural condition as war of all against all. On the other hand, Jean-Jacques Rousseau challenged Hobbes ' view in the eighteenth century He believed that people were born as a blank sheet, and later society and the environment influence their characters and attitudes as good or bad. In Rousseau 's state of nature, people do not know each other to begin serious conflicts, and they have normal values. Kathe Callahan in "War Narratives: Framing Our Understanding of
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