The Theoretical Framework Of Wm

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Mrs. F is having difficulty following recipes while cooking as she is unable to mentally adjust the amount of each ingredient called for in order to make only two portions. This is because of a deficit in her memory, specifically her working memory (WM). While memory is defined as the “storage of things learned and retained from an organism’s activity or experience” (Merriam-Webster, 2015), WM can be described as the cognitive systems that are required to temporarily store and manipulate information (Baddeley, 2012). This report provides an overview of the theoretical multicomponent WM framework as well as an in-depth look at one component of the framework, termed the phonological loop (PL). Overview The theoretical framework of WM was introduced by Baddeley and Hitch in 1974 in response to experiments and neuropsychological case studies that suggested that STM had three components, which was in contrast to the dominant model at the time (as stated in Baddeley, 2010, 2012). To develop evidence to support their notion of multiple STM components, they performed experiments, some of which used the methodology of functionally disabling parts of participants ' STM systems by having them perform multiple memory tasks concurrently (Baddeley, 2012). After 26 years of experimentation a fourth component was added to the framework: the episodic buffer (EB) (Baddeley, 2000). Components: The central executive (CE) is the least understood of the four components, but is also of
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