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The Theories Of A Behaviorist Theory Essay

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Behaviorist theory is the basis for inventions such as computer assisted instruction, mastery learning, minimal competency testing, educational accountability, situated cognition, and even social constructivism. Behaviorism is primarily based on the fact that there is a predictable and reliable link between a stimulus and the response it produces. If behavior is foreseeable, creators need to identify subskills, students must master that lead to a learned behavior, and then select stimuli and performance strategies that build the subskills. Creators assume that an instructional strategy that has had a certain effect in the past will do so again while cognitive theory on how people learn include cognitive, social psychological, and interactionist or experimental school of thoughts. The diversity is often put into two groups: the individual cognitive and the sociocultural. The individual cognitive group, initiated from Piaget 's theory, highlights the constructivist activity of individuals as they try to make sense of the world. The sociocultural group highlights the socially and culturally situated context of cognition as expressed by Vygotsky. Thoughts in cognitive psychology became significant when the metaphor of the central processing unit of the computer could be used to describe the functioning of the brain. Unlike behavioral psychology, cognitive psychology is worried with meaning or semantics. According to Wittrock 's generative learning perspective, people learn
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