Prof. Christina Gonzalez
Many psychologists have formed important theories regarding personality. Some of these theories are still relevant to our world today. These theories have helped form humans and they have also changed the way we think and the way we do things. There are many different forms of personality theories that have shaped the world for us: Biological, Behavioral, Psychodynamic, Humanist, Trait, etc. Biological theories are based on genetics and they believe that genetics are responsible for personality. Behavioral theories suggest that personality is the reason for interaction between others. Psychodynamic theories are mostly based on the works of Sigmund Freud. These theories state that the unconscious mind and childhood has effects in personality. Humanist theories believe that the ability to be free and have experience on one’s own effects personality. The final personality theory it the Traits theories. This theory states that personality is passed along by traits. The many personality theories still may not be just enough information for us to understand why everyone has a different personality, but the theories do help us to have a broader understanding of it. Famous psychologists such as Sigmund Freud, Carl Rogers, Carl Jung, etc are responsible for making these theories understandable. They are great thinkers who have proposed many intelligent theories and reasons for personality. Some of these theories are still
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It explains behaviors as well as makes predictions about future behaviors. The First theory is the Psychoanalytic theories which view development as unconscious and points out childhood experiences on the development of personality. For example, the Sigmund Fred's Psychosexual Theory says that personality is molded by our capability to content bodily urges throughout childhood (nature) while Erik Erikson's Psychosocial Theory says personality is molded by our capability to make social crisis decisions throughout the lifespan
In psychology, there are four major theories of personality: psychodynamic, trait or five-factor model, humanistic, and social-cognitive. The psychodynamic theory primarily focuses on the role of the unconscious mind. The social cognitive theory focuses on the effect of the environment on behavior and is based on theories of learning. Whereas, the humanistic theory emphasizes conscious life experiences and choices. The trait or five-factor model focuses on characteristics themselves and not the roots of personality.
There are many theories that have been created to help try and explain how personality
Extraversion is one of the five core personality traits described in the big five theory of personality. This trait is characterized by sociability, assertiveness, emotional expressiveness and excitability. People who are high in this trait are often described as being outgoing ad talkative, while those low in this trait are described as quiet and reserved. An extroverted disposition ; concern with what is outside the self rather what is inside.
Over the variation of the project, subject A has been tested over three different models of personality. Each one provided different points to her personality and allowed for the most in-depth explanation of the subject’s personality. Each of these models are also capable of acting as a check and balance for the other. For example, between the trait and psychodynamic models. One could compare the results from the Big 5 and how that matches to the Myers-Briggs since essentially those gave similar feedback. Once those are both taken accounted for, these could give rise to a more accurate basis for the biological model, which is mainly inferred and not factual in the first place.
Even though my interests leaned a certain way I think all of the theories have their good points. Freud’s unconscious, and neo-freudian’s collective unconscious, inferiority complex, and psychosocial stages all contain decent explanations of how parts of our personalities are form. Along with those there are also humanistic theories focus on the actual person, and cognitive approaches emphasis on the mental capacity of our brains. All of them have their own unique ideas, many of them have research backing their claims. I fell like in their own ways they are all right. We could fight for any of these theories as the key decision maker of or peronalites. We just have to decide which theory we agree with more. One important thing to remember is, I feel like we will never be a perfect judge of our own personalities. If it was not for other people pointing out my better attributes I would only ever seen the unfavorable parts of myself. Self doubt is such a big part of me. It is safe to say I am nowhere near a self actualized person. Even in my partners collage she pointed out how I am too critical of myself. I assume these means I am insecure in my own identity. I feel like there is two sides to every person; how they view themselves, and how the ones closest to them view them. Together, both the favorable, and imperfect qualities customize a
The first theories talked about within chapter 4 are the inferiority and superiority complex theories developed by Alfred. The infinity feelings are the source of all human striving, and is normal among us all. It is brought about as soon as we are born, as we must compensate for our lack of size or independence. The greatest example I can give of the inferiority feeling happened two days ago with the Rio 2016 Paralympic Games. Abdellatif Baka of Algeria won the T13 1500m final on Monday night in a stunning performance that not only set a new Paralympic world record, but stands as the fastest 1500m time recorded by an able-bodied or disabled athlete in Rio over both the Olympic and Paralympic Games. Among him was three other runners that finished
The Behaviorist theory states that we are born with a blank slate and that we are a product of our environment and a product of our nurture. It is basically stating that our behavior is learned. I agree with this theory because life experiences whether good or bad help make us stronger and become a better person. The quote that comes to mind is that we are born hating one another and that type of behavior is taught. When you are young, you are innocent and naïve, but overtime you become more aware of your surroundings and have a better understanding of how things are. At an early age, I was taught the importance
Personality psychology is a broad branch of psychology that looks at various different personality disorders. In addition to that, they also look at what a person does and how that relates to their own personality. In this assignment, I took an article that looks at mate poaching and how it varies in various cultures. With this article, I related it to what we are learning from Chapter two of our Personality Psychology book, research and research theories.
Theories of personality, among many other theories in the field of psychology, must use some sort of scientific basis in order for the theory or research to be looked upon by others as credible. Psychology is the scientific study of the mind and behavior, therefore it should be crucial for theories of personality to be evaluated according to scientific criteria. Forming a hypothesis, testing it out, observing, racking up data -- it should all be used during research. There needs to always be a theory in conjunction with research (Cloninger, S. 2013). Scientific criteria gives psychologists or reseachers a firm base to follow, which makes it easier to validate theories. Evaluating a theory based on personality without using scientific criteria
Allport defines personality as ‘the dynamic organisation within the individual of those psychological systems that determine his unique adjustment to his environment’ (Allport, 1937). An individual’s unique personality traits and attributes are a powerful indicator of how he/she will interact with the work environment. The difference between average and outstanding employees can often be solely personality related. As the employee is the most valuable asset to the company, ‘selecting the right employee during the process is critical’ (Carbery and Cross, 2013, pp. 41-53)
“Humans have the capacity for love, solidarity, compassion and the capacity for great aggression and cruelty.” Although, humans have the capability to be affectionate and considerate, I believe that most of society decides to be belligerent and spiteful instead. To try and prove this theory, I designed an experiment in which the hypothesis was that if I ask random people to complete a generous act, then more people will complete a kind act if they are bribed with candy because they are easily getting something they want.
Leigh Anne Touhy is the fictional representation of the real life Leigh Anne, famed adoptive mother of Michael Oher from the 2009 film The Blind Side. Leigh Anne is a white interior designer, living in the south with her husband and two children. The family is considered to be part of the upper class, and made their money from owning a string of fast food chains. Leigh Anne and her family take in a black homeless boy, Michael, and throughout the film experience a growing love and bond. They eventually adopt Michael and the Leigh Anne becomes a fiercely protective mother. Very little is revealed about her upbringing
One of the foremost authorities on trait theory is Eysenck. He worked at the Maudsley Psychiatric Hospital where his task was to make the initial assessment of anyone admitted. After several years, he developed a questionnaire with which he would interrogate his patients. He then applied the questionnaire to 700 soldiers and solidified his evidence. He found that the answers seemed to reveal a lot about the personality traits of each soldier (Gergen, 1973). He then assigned a weight to the answers and called them factors. He created two broad categories with which the various traits tallied and presented the results to the world. His work still influences psychology today.
Rogers was the fourth of six children in his family. His parents were very strict, religious, and domineering. He and his siblings were not allowed to “dance, play cards, attend movies, smoke, drink, or show any sexual interest” (Schultz & Schultz, 1998, p. 310). There was a lot of competitiveness between them because Rogers felt that his parents showed favoritism towards his older brother.