The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. The treaty that ended the Mexican-American War in 1848.

2104 WordsNov 20, 20039 Pages
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which came into effect on 2 February 1848, ended the Mexican-American war and formally resolved territorial disputes resulting from that conflict. The treaty required the U.S. government to pay the Mexican government $15 million dollars, this in return for an expanse of territory that later became the states of Arizona, New Mexico, and parts of Utah, Nevada, and Colorado. I intend to argue that the treaty benefitted the people who inhabited, and later came to inhabit, that territory. I also propose that, as a result of the transfer of territory from a dictatorial regime to one that was based on democratic principles, both Mexico and the United States ultimately benefitted in several ways. The Treaty of…show more content…
This was, at the time, one of the most populous cities in Northern Mexico, having a population of "of nearly fifteen thousand inhabitants." (The Mexican War 33). About the same time, Taylor and his army won the battle of Buena Vista. The terrain in northern Mexico is difficult, and water scarce. Perhaps this is why, after a number of arduous campaigns in the north, Taylor seemed to lose interest in fighting. Instead of pressing south towards the Mexican capital, he was content to remain in the north. Because of his lack of fighting spirit, Pres. James Polk lost faith in him as a leader. Instead, he turned to General Winfield Scott, who lost no time in making for the Mexican capital. "The American army and generals proved significantly superior to the Mexican forces and in less than a year and a half the American army had captured Mexico City and the Mexican Republic had to sue for an unfavorable peace." (The Mexican-American War). The treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo contained twenty articles. The most important of these were the payment of $15 million already mentioned, and the transfer of territory. The U.S. pledged to withdraw its troops from the Mexican capital, cease its blockading of Mexican ports, and to withdraw all of its forces from Mexico within three months of the signing of the treaty. In the territories ceded to the United States, the Mexicans there resident were allowed to

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