Task 1 Analyse the use of Group work/family group conferencing as methods of intervention. Group Work This work will focus on the meaning, the five stages of Tuckman’s theory, the approaches and the uses of group work. Group work refers to a method of social work practice which is concerned with the recognition and use of processes which occur when three or more people work together towards a common purpose (Trevithick, 2005). According to Garvin, Gutierrez and Galinsky (2004), the properties that can be use to describe and change group on which the influence may have an impact include group characteristics, competencies, conditions, change and context. A group should be small between five to nine persons, so that each one will be able to relate and engage every member in the group. The group is viewed as a system, the condition of any member affects the other (Fatout, 1992). The five stage Tuckman’s theory (1965) namely forming, storming, norming, performing and adjourning focuses on the way in which a group handles a task from the beginning to completion. The main group work approaches are cognitive behaviourist, feminist, psychoanalytic and humanistic approaches. Knowledge of theory enhances effectiveness of group work. Since much of our time is spend in groups, it is helpful to work in groups because it will give an opportunity to improve their human functioning. Group work helps to develop individual skills in communication, relationship building and asserting oneself
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In my opinion, group work is a type of cooperative learning that helps people to accomplish a certain task in a faster and more effective manner. Team working also helps to achieve the tasks that are impossible to finish by one individual. However, if people in a group have a lot of conflicts, group work will not be able to achieve as much as we expected. There are many reasons which lead to dissatisfaction in group work such as individualism as well as conflicts in opinion and time.
Groups may be defined in many ways, indeed providing an absolute definition of a group, as with much of the theory around group work, is highly problematic and contestable. However for the purposes of discussing groupwork within a context of working with young people we may define a group as a small gathering of young people. Group work may simplistically be described as the study and application of the processes and outcomes experienced when a small group comes together.
Group work can be identified as a method of social work aiming to help groups and individuals to meet their needs in an informed way (Lindsay and Orton, 2009). The primary model of group work which could be applied to our group is Dr. Bruce Tuckman Forming Storming Norming Performing model which he published in 1965 and added Adjourning stage in the 1970th (Lindsay and Orton, 2009). Tuckman suggests that every team goes through a relatively unproductive initial stage before becoming a self-reliant unit and unless the issues of processes and feelings were satisfactorily addressed the team might not reach the most productive final stage (Lindsay and Orton, 2009). Tuckman's model was criticised for emphasising the importance of the exchange in communication and necessity of group members for having an attraction to one another but not aiming as much at group task or goals (Lowman, 2015).
It is important to recognize the attributes of your group mates and work together cohesively. This requires people to work selflessly for their group and volunteer to help anyway they could. I've learned, working in my group, that having a common goal or task is needed to perform well. My group had many miscommunications about building the tower. Although our critical thinking involving the strengths and weaknesses of the task were great we were not good at putting them into action. Likewise some people worked with weren't as creative. They followed the notions of the group and contributed to completing the task. Although my group did not finish the tower we created many ideas but couldn't put them together. A Group settings allows people from multiple points of view share their ideas and complete a task faster than working in pairs. In terms, putting more heads together on a project increases the capacity to solve complex issues in a
We all remember those boring days back in middle school where the worksheets were given out everyday, and you were just waiting for that beautiful sound of the two words “group work” to run through your ears and brighten up your day. It just made you want to jump out of your seat and start working because of how excited you were. In my opinion, group work is something that I must strongly agree with because it helps with so many things including teaching different real life skills, lets you have fun, and helps you meet new
McMorris, Gottleib, and Sneden stated that "one of the strengths of the Tuckman model is its ease of use at the practitioner level, noting its practical perspective and common sense approach" (McMorris, Gottleib, Sneden, 2005 cited by Bonebright, 2010, p. 118). First, recent theories recognize the complexity of group dynamics in today’s world and are not easily represented in a simple model. Second, the wide body of literature on organizational and workplace issues means that practitioners have access to information about many specialized areas of group development such as leadership, motivation and rewards. These theories are broader and deeper than Tuckman’s original model. They provide detailed discussion of many aspects of group dynamics from forming through
What are the benefits of group work? Students working in groups are more productive, creative and motivated individuals on their own. Second students learn from each other. Third educators benefit it allows them to work with small groups rather than the class as a whole. Instructional video Has been used in class room for decade
Tuckman’s (1965) model helps to understand the different stages of group development. The model has been developed using four stages: forming, storming, norming and performing. The model has been considered because it reflects how a group is developed in workplace by passing through various stages. It depicts the importance of working as a team in at workplace. This model can be applied when the groups are small and on the developing stage. Moreover, it gives various views about people are working together in the workplace, it also gives the team members understanding about what was happening when a group is passing through the different stages of this process. As this model is developed for the small groups and our team being on the same stage,
The Tuckman model has five predictable stages including forming, storming, norming, performing and adjourning (Zastrow, 2015). The forming stage involves a phase of uncertainty where group members try to figure out what their place in the group is (Zastrow, 2015). The storming is the stage where conflict begins to unfold among group members (Zastrow, 2015). The third stage is referred to as norming where the group launches cohesiveness where they learn new ways of how to work together (Zastrow, 2015). The fourth stage, performing, is where members are active in developing and achieving goals (Zastrow, 2015). The last stage is adjourning which involves each group member going their separate way (Zastrow, 2015). Overall, forming can be seen
Doel (2000) stated: ‘’Group work refers to a method of social work practice which is concerned with the recognition and use of processes which occur when three or more people work together towards a common practice. (p. 148)