It was organized by the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies (NUWSS) and led by
The AWSA supported the 15th amendment and wanted to fight for women’s rights in the states separately. (Pleck, 2007) The two movements eventually reunited in 1890 to become the National American Woman Suffrage Association led by Susan B. Anthony until 1900 when Carrie Chapman Catt took over. Catt was integral in the strategy to work for women’s suffrage on both the federal and state level upon her re-election to president of the NAWSA in 1915 which led to another faction split between the NAWSA and a group led by Alice Paul who believed that the major push of the fight needed to be focused at the federal level. (About.com, 2007)
Lucy and Alice’s first activity on NAWSA’s account was to organize a massive national suffrage parade. The parade was arranged to take place in Washington, D.C., on March 1913. The parade made it very clear to the President-elect and Congress that the National American Women’s Suffrage Association would hold the Democratic Party responsible if the women's suffrage amendment failed to pass. Despite the much needed publicity of the parade, Anna Howard Shaw and Carrie Chapman Catt, presidents of the National American Women's Suffrage Association continued to be skeptical. The two presidents of the association feared that antagonizing congress may lead to difficulties when trying to gain widespread support. Shaw and Catt wanted a overall agreement for ratification of a federal amendment to grant women the right to vote. Later, Paul and Burns established a Congressional Union for Women's Suffrage. In early June 1916, the Congressional Union vouched for a convention in Chicago. This convention was for women in the West who had voting rights in their states. The National Woman’s Party and for a short time known as the Woman’s Party of Western Voters emerged as a result of this conference. Congressional Union member and Washington lobbyist Anne Martin of Nevada became the National Women’s Party's first chairman. The goal of the world’s “first women’s political party” was to remain independent of the existing political parties and to campaign on a platform consisting of one plank–immediate passage of the Susan B. Anthony federal suffrage
In order for women to be taken seriously the NWP’s leaders Alice Paul and Lucy Burns, who were the party’s main leaders, produced many creative forms of campaigning for the public. The first idea that they developed was on March 3, 1913, and was an organized parade in Washington D.C, purposely the day before President Woodrow Wilson’s inauguration. Washington was filled with visitors due to this occasion so it was a perfect opportunity. The parade consisted of about eight thousand willing women marching onto Pennsylvania Avenue convincing bystanders to take consideration. They wore sashes and banners, one of the banners in the march said, “WE DEMAND AN AMENDMENT TO THE UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION ENFRANCHISING WOMEN” (Behring). These demanding banners angered the people, men began to hang outside their windows and come out of their cars to yell at the women which turned into a violent riot. Many women were injured and police officers didn’t bother to protect the women or stop the riot, it looked more like they were enforcing the situation. This caused the super
The Women’s suffrage movement in Britain came to the forefront in 1867 with the formation of the National Society for Women’s Suffrage. The movement grew into the early 20th century by the works of the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies (NUWSS), known as the Suffragists, along with the Women’s Social and Political Union (WSPU), known as the Suffragettes. The violence of the WSPU is often the only aspect of the cause remembered, however, for every suffragette, there were a dozen non-militant suffragists and as such the movement was less violent than what was portrayed in the media at the time and how it is portrayed now, however the actions of the WSPU helped further the Women’s Suffrage Movement
Although the war and women's efforts during the war were a significant factor in gaining the vote for women, the campaigning of the suffragist's has been argued to have been of more significance. The National Union of women's suffrage societies or the NUWSS aka the Suffragists was an association composed of mainly middle class women who were well educated and brought up believing in equal rights for women. The reason there were very few working class women in the NUWSS was because they were generally not supported by their husbands as working class men believed that women should remain below them and did not believe in equal rights. The leader of the NUWSS was Millicent Fawcett; a middle class woman, married to a lawyer and was brought up believing in equal rights. Millicent Fawcett and the NUWSS employed peaceful tactics such as holding peaceful protests in the form of marches and wrote newspaper articles in order to campaign for women's rights. There has been much dispute
The National Women’s Party also known as N.W.P was an American Women’s organization formed in 1916 as an outgrowth of the congressional union which in turn was formed in 1913 by Alice Paul and Lucy Burns to fight women’s suffrage ignoring all other issues. These two women strongly felt that women all over the world need rights in general and that women did not get the same rights as men did. This was at a time when all the women could not vote but men could. At this time women cooked, cleaned and took care of the kids. That was what the men expected the women to do. These two women wanted these rights so they could feel that they could change something. They did change some things. Even though they eventually got their right to vote it did not mean these women voted. It was not the fact that they wanted to vote it that meant so much to them as the fact that they wanted and had the same rights as the men. The women’s voting rights were gained in Finland, Iceland, Sweden and some Australian colonies and western U.S. states in the late 19 century. National and International organizations formed to coordinate efforts to gain voting rights, especially the international women suffrage alliance founded in 1904, Berlin Germany also worked for equal civil rights for women. These women just wanted to do the same things that the men could do. They had a lot of background but here is a little summary of it. Beginning in the mid-19th century, several generations of woman suffrage
-Carrie Chapman Catt impacted the political landscape permanently by leading NAWSA and unveiling her “Winning Plan” to compromise partial suffrage in the states resisting change.
During the second half of Shaw presidency the organization included many professional married women such as Susan Walker Fitzgerald, Bryn Mawr and Katherine Dexter McCormick (Franzen, 2008). The relationship among the women of the organization was strong and there were no core of officers during the presidency of Anna Howard Shaw. The success of the organization during Shaw presidency was perhaps because of her social position; she had high tolerance for discord. During Shaw presidency the organization had more connections to other progressive era organizations and associations than any other period in the existence of its existence. Shaw had strong connections to the Frances Willard and the Women’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) (Franzen, 2008). WCTU was the largest women’s organization in the United States during the 1900’s. Many joined the wealthy benefactors of NAWSA such as the leaders of the settlement houses, prison reform, and women socialites. During Shaw presidency a diverse range of women and men attended NAWSA conventions. In these conventions Shaw personally spoke about the issues beyond suffrage, such as opposition to American imperialism and the different needs of working women. NAWSA expanded by making many other groups become NAWSA family such as the College Equal Suffrage League and the National Men’s League (Franzen, 2008). NAWSA needed the collision of these groups to expand its base. NAWSA needed the financial support of the wealthy women and
The victory in Colorado directed NAWSA to plan campaigns around the United States, where recurring disapproval ascended against the suffragists. Catt’s Organizational Committee made more money than the association itself during 1897, where one thousand meetings took place in the promotion of suffrage organizations and politicians. Her work on the Organization Committee generated her to be most qualified candidate in the replacement of Susan B. Anthony as president of NAWSA. In 1900, Anthony resigned her position in presidency and Catt was elected for the role.
The first country to allow national-level voting rights to women was the self-governing British colony of New Zealand, which in September 1893, passed the Electoral Bill. “National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA)...campaigned for a constitutional amendment for universal suffrage…and for other women’s rights, such as changes in divorce laws and an end to employment and pay discrimination” (“Women’s Suffrage Movement”) The NWSA wanted to take away all discrimination between women and their rights for any requirement or objective. Women’s rights were given through trials and hardships, but they never gave up. When the women won with the Prohibition, the men would sell behind the government and these men were known as
The White House Picket that was spearheaded by Alice Paul because it was a turning point for women fighting for the right to vote. Ms. Paul along with Lucy Burns formed the National Women’s Party that would fight tooth and nail to help women gain the right to vote. The nineteenth amendment was the federal law that would provide voting rights for women. The most famous protest of the group was the White House Picket. Alice Paul and other party members were eventually arrested for protesting and staged hunger strikes, were force fed. There resolve endured and they refused to abandon their
Accordingly Allice Paul organized the National Women’s party which used strategies like mass marches and hunger strikes. The organization led to victory on August 26, 1920. The 19th amendment granted the right for women to vote. Grolier explained “One of the most politically astute was Carrie Chapman Catt, who was named
In this source, the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies (NUWSS), or suffragists, appeal for women to be given the vote. From this source, some of the aims of the NUWSS and their methods for gathering support are evident, and something can be inferred of the type of opposition being faced by the suffragists in their fight for suffrage.