The World During Rizal's Time

3501 Words Jun 25th, 2013 15 Pages
CHAPTER 1: THE WORLD DURING THE TIME OF RIZAL

* Philippines- still a colony of Spain, largest and richest in terms of natural resources and trade potential * 19th century reform movements are political movements such as abolitionism or temperance which played a significant role in the political life of the nineteenth century. The movements found organizational form in the United States in organizations such as the American Anti-Slavery Society.

SPANISH RULE DURING THE 19TH CENTURY

During the 19th century Spain invested heavily in education and infrastructure. Through the Education Decree of December 20, 1863, Queen Isabella II of Spain decreed the establishment of a free public school system that used Spanish as the language of
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That made it the second richest place in all of Asia, just a little behind Japan ($1,135.00), and far ahead of China ($652.00) or India ($625.00).[90]
Philippine Revolution[edit]
Main article: Philippine Revolution
Revolutionary sentiments arose in 1872 after three Filipino priests, Mariano Gómez, José Burgos, and Jacinto Zamora, known as Gomburza, were accused of sedition by colonial authorities and executed. This would inspire the Propaganda Movement in Spain, organized by Marcelo H. del Pilar, José Rizal, Graciano López Jaena, and Mariano Ponce, that clamored for adequate representation to the Spanish Cortes and later for independence. José Rizal, the most celebrated intellectual and radical ilustrado of the era, wrote the novels "Noli Me Tángere", and "El filibusterismo", which greatly inspired the movement for independence.[91] The Katipunan, a secret society whose primary purpose was that of overthrowing Spanish rule in the Philippines, was founded by Andrés Bonifacio who became its Supremo (leader).
An early flag of the Filipino revolutionaries
The Philippine Revolution began in 1896. Rizal was wrongly implicated in the outbreak of the revolution and executed for treason in 1896. The Katipunan in Cavite split into two groups, Magdiwang, led by Mariano Álvarez (a relative of Bonifacio's by marriage), and Magdalo, led by Emilio Aguinaldo.

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