The 's Role Of The American Nurse Association ( Ana )

713 WordsFeb 14, 20163 Pages
Hildegard Elizabeth Peplau was Born 1909 in Reading, Pa., Peplau was raised by rigid German immigrant parents. Women were expected to marry, have children and cater to the needs of their husbands. Peplau wanted a different path; she seized on nursing as her ticket out. Peplau was both exalted and vilified throughout the 50-year span of her career. During her Rutgers tenure, Peplau traveled and lectured widely on psychiatric nursing, consulting with other academic institutions and government agencies, and serving on national and international committees. She served as both executive director and as president of the American Nurse Association (ANA), the only person to ever hold both positions. In 1942, Peplau enlisted in the U.S. Army Nurse Corps and was assigned to a psychiatric hospital in England, where she pioneered innovative approaches to treating emotionally scarred and battle-fatigued soldiers. The notes she took back with her provided the foundation of what would later become her seminal work, "Interpersonal Relations in Nursing," published in 1952 (Canor 2006). While in her career she advocated for nurses and believed they should be further educated so they could provide therapeutic care to patients rather than baseline care that nurses were practicing. She also taught interpersonal concepts, interviewing techniques, individual, family and group therapy. Dr. Peplau’s interpersonal relationship theory emphasized the nurse-client
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