Therapeutic Effect Essay

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Haloperidol 5 mg PO Q4H PRN • Use: Acute and chronic psychotic disorders of manic states • Therapeutic Effect: Reduces signs and symptoms of psychoses. • Side effects: SEIZURES, extrapyramidal reactions, drowsiness, restlessness, tardive dyskinesia, blurred vision, respiratory depression, hypotension, tachycardia, ECG changes (QT prolongation, torsade de pointes), ventricular arrhythmias, constipation, dry mouth, anorexia, weight gain, urinary retention, diaphoresis, photosensitivity, rashes, sexual dysfunction such as amenorrhea, galactorrhea, gynecomastia, AGRANULOCYTOSIS, anemia, low white blood cell count, hyperpyrexia, NEUROLEPTIC MALIGNANT SYNDROME. • Patient teaching: 1. Instruct the patient to take the medication as prescriber directed. If missed a dose take the missed dose as soon as remembered and following doses should be evenly spaced. Also advice the patient that the dose takes weeks till therapeutic effects are achieved. Do not discontinue or reduce dose during this time since there are side effects. Some of the withdrawal effects include; dizziness; nausea; vomiting; GI upset; trembling; or uncontrolled movements of mouth, tongue, or jaw. 2.…show more content…
Educate the patient on the side effects of the drug, and to notify the provider if side effects manifest. 3. Change positions slowly in order to minimize the effects of orthostatic hypotension. 4. This drug can cause drowsiness. Caution while taking other CNS depressants or alcohol. In addition be caution while driving or doing any activity that requires concentration. 5. To prevent a photosensitivity reaction, advise the patient to use sunscreen and protective clothing when in the
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