CAPITAL STRUCTURE MANAGEMENT IN NEPAL (A CASE STUDY ON NABIL, NIBL, NEA, NTC & HGICL) Table of Contents: Recommendation I Viva- Voce Sheet II Declaration III Acknowledgement IV List of Figures V List of Tables VI Abbreviation VII CHAPTER I. INTRODUCTION Pg No. 1. Background of the study 1 2. History of bank 5 3. Growth of industries in Nepal 5 4. Statement of problem 7 5. Objectives of the study 8 6. Significance of the …show more content…
Environment encouraging the industrial growth is missing in the picture. The manufacturing sector in Nepal is small contributing 8% of its share to the total G.D.P. It consists mainly of small industries. Capital goods industries are few in number. Most of the sectors manufacture food even though the structure is changing. This sector consists of five sub-sectors namely a. Food, Beverage and Tobacco b. Textile and garment c. Chemical d. Mechanical Engineering e. Electrical and Electronics The production growth has been significant in paper, food, footwear, iron and steel, beverage and chemical industries. Fund is the most important criteria to operate any kind of business or organization. It can be raised by two sources i.e. Equity Capital and Debt Capital. These two sources of capital comprise the total capital structure. Capital Structure refers to the composition of all source and amount of funds collected to use or invest in business. In other words Capital structure refers to the capital and long-term liabilities of balance sheet. Therefore, it includes shareholder’s fund and long term loans. It is different from financial structure as financial structure includes both long term and short term source of financing while capital structure includes only long term source of financing. Thus, a firm’s capital structure is only a part of its financial structure.
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Finding the perfect capital structure in terms of risk and reward can ensure a company meets shareholder expectations and protects a firm in times of recession. Capital structure refers to how a business puts its money to “work”. The two forms of capital structure are equity capital and debt capital. Both have their benefits and limitations. Striking that perfect balance between the two can mean the difference between thriving versus trying to survive.
c) Optimization of the capital structure is also consistent with the growth of the company. The optimal capital structure
Capital structure long term is looking at how assets for the business should be paid for. Through the article the common theme is to more efficiently change working capital into cash that can be used to pay for the debt and liabilities for the business. By converting the working capital into cash, the business can make payments without having to take out an extra loan or take on more debt for the business. The working capital management is evaluating the day-to-day finances of the firm and how to make sure it is paid for. Again converting working capital into tangible resources that can be used to pay for the firm is key to covering the businesses operating expenses day to day in this economy. It is more profitable for the company to do this. This will not change the overall total value of assets, but it would shift assets from being fixed into being current. Having more current assets creates a larger net working capital for the business, which is beneficial to them. Determinants of the businesses growth include total asset turnover and the dividend policy. The total asset turnover will be increased if the tips in this article are complied with. This is because having current assets that can and will be used increases this amount. The dividend policy is about choosing how much to pay shareholders versus reinvesting
KR+H is a manufactory company in cabinet industry and it had devised a unique operating strategy of producing high quality custom cabinets at a low cost. Because the investments will reduce costs and increase the working efficiency in manufacturing process. And the analysis will show that adding investment is valuable and profitable. Based on KR+H’s past financial performance and the cost of investment, KR+H would need additional financing to fund the proposed capital investment.
In finance, capital structure refers to the way a corporation finances its assets through some combination of equity, debt, or hybrid securities. A firm's capital structure is then the composition or 'structure' of its liabilities. For example, a firm that sells $20 billion in equity and $80 billion in debt is said to be 20% equity-financed and 80% debt-financed. The firm's ratio of debt to total financing, 80% in this example, is referred to as the firm's leverage. In reality, capital structure may be highly complex and include dozens of sources. Gearing Ratio is the proportion of the capital employed of the firm which come from outside of the business finance, e.g. by taking a short term loan etc. – Take what you can from this.
Optimal Funding Terms: - An organization's proportion of short and long haul obligation ought to additionally be considered when analyzing its capital structure. Capital structure is regularly alluded to as a company's obligation to-value proportion, which gives understanding
Examination of the changes of the capital structure of the company over pre-GFC and post-GFC period (2004-2010) reveals a range of considerations were deliberated in the financing decision; these include not only the capital market conditions but also the size and urgency of funding required as well as costs and availability of alternate sources of funds.
The term "industry" refers mainly to manufacturing activity. Agriculture, mining, and most other services are excluded from it. The term "industrialization” literally means the growth of manufacturing industry. It is thus a part of the much broader process of economic development which involves the raising of standard of living, through a steady increase in the efficiency of factors of production. India is a developing country. Economic development here must basically mean raising the productivity of agricultural workers. After a certain stage of development, however, it may become more profitable to transfer the surplus labor to their gainful employments as
The purpose of the report is to understand the capital structure of the chosen company on the basis of the financial statements of the company which includes the income statement, balance sheet and the cash flow statement of the company and do the capital analysis of the company as well to find out the advantages and disadvantages in working capital of the company and suggest company logical and useful ways for growing their economy.
A firm can choose a mix of three modes of financing i.e. issuing shares, borrowing from the market and use of retained earnings. The ratio of this mix of funds purely depends on the firm and known as optimal capital structure of the firm. This leads to the different capital structure theories. These theories explain their
“Manufacturing industry refers to those industries that involve in the manufacturing and processing of items and indulge in either creation of new commodities or in value addition.” (Economy Watch)
In finance, capital structure refers to the way a corporation finances its assets through some combination of equity, debt, or hybrid securities. A firm 's capital structure is then the composition or 'structure ' of its liabilities. Simply, capital structure refers to the mix of debt and equity used by a firm in financing its assets. The capital structure decision is one of the most important decisions made by financial management. The capital structure decision is at the center of many other decisions in the area of corporate finance. These include dividend policy, project financing, issue of long term securities, financing of mergers, buyouts and so on. One of the many objectives of