Thinking, Language and Intelligence

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Introduction to Psychology_Application Paper
Chapter 9 Thinking, Language and Intelligence

In this paper, I am going to write about how language and thought are closely related to each other. The reason I am highly interested on the topic “Thinking & Language” is because I speak 7 languages, and I realized that my personality, thinking, attitude and behavior change with the language I speak. I feel like there are many versions of “ME”.
What I experienced in speaking 7 different languages is that there are certain things that are just untranslatable between languages. In order to convey the same thought or message in different languages, I can’t directly translate word to word instead I have to use words that are appropriate in
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(A. Gopnik, 2001) Korean speaking children who hear proportionately fewer nouns and acquire nouns later than English-speaking children—also are older when they first spontaneously categorize objects. That is, the cognitive change and the associated burst in children nouns vocabularies observed in English-speaking children both occurred later in Korean-speaking children. (Erika. H, 2009, p.281)
Another case is related to language and perception. There was one time, a Pakistan friend of mine asked me to switch on the light in the classroom, he told me it was the first switch, when I was about to turn on the light switch to the most left, he said again “ not that, it’s the first one”. I replied “yeah, this is the first one!” To me first should be from left to right, but for my friend first should go from right to left. After a while, I figured out what’s the problem, we actually organize our perceptual order in different way based on our writing system orientation. I lay things out from left to right because I write from left to right, but for him it’s the opposite, the writing direction in Pakistan (Arabic) is running from right to left. So, it means that the correct order varies depends on individual’s perspective. In sum, writing system orientation influences spatial cognition and sequence of events. I find it very fascinating on how language affects our perceptual and cognition, even when we are not using the language.
According to Whorf’s (1956) linguistic
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