Third Culture Kids ( Tck )

Decent Essays

Third culture kids (TCK) were originally referred to as ‘global nomads’ or transculturals’, however, these terms have changed over time (Fail, Thompson, & Walker, 2004). Pollock (2010) defines third culture kids as “individuals who, having spent a significant part of the developmental years in a culture other than the parents’ culture, develops a sense of relationship to all of the cultures while not having full ownership in any. Elements from each culture are incorporated into the life experience, but the sense of belonging is in relationship to others of similar experience” (Pollock & Van Reken, 2010). Pollock explains that TCK in most cases spend part of their childhood in cultures other than their own. There are four subgroups of TCK: children of government diplomats, children of military personnel, children of international business people, and children of missionaries (Pollock & Van Reken, 2010).
These subgroups show significant differences in their level of acculturation to the host culture, education expectations, and opportunities for return visits to the home culture or ‘passport culture’ (Davis et al., 2010). Research shows that on an average, a TCK may live in six different countries. Thus, over time TCKs cultural identity detaches from that of their parents’, as they develop their sense of identity (Stultz, 2003). There are a number of personal and professional benefits to the TCK lifestyle; unfortunately, there are also challenges to the experiences of this

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