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Thucydides Peloponnesian War

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Political Realism is a theory of political philosophy that explains that the ultimate goal of a political entity or individual is and should be to gain power over others. For individual politicians, this means that all their actions are intended to increase their authority over other politicians. Internationally, nations try to maximize their authority and influence over other nations. This theory of associations dates back to the time in history when people first began to think in terms of a national identity, which involved a common set of morals and a need to exert their influence over other nations. In Thucydides’ Peloponnesian War, he asserted that a shift in the balance of power in Greece the war caused between the Athenian and Spartan empires. The theory was enhanced in Machiavelli’s The Prince, which argued that the only aim of a prince…show more content…
Realism theory is most descriptive of international relations when there are periods of domination by two or more nations, or when multiple nations are competing with one another to create their own security. This sort of international environment creates a rivalry of power between nations and the necessity of security. It is easy for leaders of the U.S. to argue against this perspective simply because they go unrivaled in power. The U. S. is a globally dominant nation, which plays off other states to ensure that none will grow to have strength equal to theirs. Although some might subscribe to the need of security because of the frequency of international terrorism, this is not the same form as security against another nation. Terrorism is not typically acted upon under a national flag, but rather by radicalized individuals, and so security is only an extension of the U.S.’s morals being
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