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TRESPASS TO THE PERSON Aims of Lectures: * OVERVIEW OF THE TORTS COVERING TRESPASS TO THE PERSON * DEFENCES TO TRESPASS TO THE PERSON * ALTHOUGH NOT A PART OF TRESPASS TO THE PERSON WE WILL ALSO ASSESS THE RULE IN WILKINSON V DOWNTON 1. OVERVIEW The aim/s of these torts: Protection from personal interference / protects your bodily integrity and your liberty. The trespass torts are actionable per se (there is no need to prove damage). A trespass to the person may well also be a CRIME and criminal law cases can be helpful but please note that a CIVIL action is designed to achieve a different objective i.e. to vindicate your right / claim damages or to prove a point (Halford v Brookes [1991] 1 WLR 428).…show more content…
Ltd (1920) 122 LT 44 Herring v Boyle (1834) 1 Cr M and R 377. Murray v Ministry of Defence [1988] 2 All ER 251. R v Bournewood [1998] 3 All ER 289 See further Williams (1991) 54 MLR 408,411 2. DEFENCES (a) Consent Sidaway v Bethlem Royal Hospital Governors [1985] 1 All ER 643 Chester v Afshar [2002] 3 All ER 552 Gillick v West Norfolk and Wisbech AHA [1986] AC 112 R (on the application of Sue Axon (Claimant) v Secretary of State for Health (Defendant) [2006] EWHC 372 (Admin). Re R [1991] 4 All ER 177 Re W [1992] 4 All ER 627 Re B [1981] 1 WLR 1421 Re M (Child Refusal of Treatment) [1999] 2 FCR 577 (b) Necessity F v West Berkshire HA [1989] 2 All ER 545 Re A (Children) (Conjoined Twins: Surgical Separation) [2001] Fam.147. (c) Self defence Revill v Newbury [1996] 1 All ER 291 Cross v Kirby (2000) The Times, 5th April, CA (1) James Ashley (Junior) (2) James Ashley (Senior) v Chief Constable of Sussex [2006] EWCA Civ 1085, [2008] UKHL 25 (d) Contributory negligence Revill v Newbury [1996] 1 All ER 291 (e) Ex turpi causa Revill v Newbury [1996] 1 All ER 291 (g) Statutory authority PACE 1984 as amended 3. The rule in WILKINSON V DOWNTON [1897] 2 QB 57 The principle is quite well established and helps fill a gap where the
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