Tuberculosis is a disease of an infectious nature caused by a bacterium known as mycobacterium tuberculosis. The disease spreads through the air. People with the disease can spread it to susceptible people through coughing, sneezing, talking or spitting. It mainly affects the lungs and other parts such as the lymph nodes and kidneys can also be affected. The symptoms for TB are fatigue, coughing, night sweats, weight loss and fever. One third of the population of the world is affected with mycobacterium tuberculosis. The rate of infection is estimated to be one person per second. About 14 million people in the world are infected with active tuberculosis. Drug resistant TB has been recorded to be a serious public health hazard in many countries. Resistant strains have developed making it difficult to treat the disease. TB has caused millions of death mainly in people living with HIV/AIDS ADDIN EN.CITE Ginsberg19981447(Ginsberg, 1998)1447144717Ginsberg, Ann M.The Tuberculosis Epidemic: Scientific Challenges and OpportunitiesPublic Health Reports (1974-)Public Health Reports (1974-)128-13611321998Association of Schools of Public Health00333549http://www.jstor.org/stable/4598234( HYPERLINK l "_ENREF_3" o "Ginsberg, 1998 #1447" Ginsberg, 1998). The World Health Organization came up with the DOTS (Directly Observed, Therapy, Short course) strategy. The approach involves diagnosing cases and treating patients with drugs for about 6-8
Tuberculosis is caused by the bacteria “Mycobacterium Tuberculosis” and is mainly causes infection of the lungs (WHO, 2016). Its mode of transmission is airborne, so it can be passed on by inhalation of airborne droplets which carrying the bacteria, when an infected patient coughs, sneezes, or spits the TB germs into the air (WHO, 1026). Among the symptoms of active TB are: cough with sputum and blood, chest pains, weakness, fever and night sweats (WHO, 2016). Most at risk to get the TB infection are people with weakened immune system such as people who are suffering from chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus, severe kidney disease, silicosis and especially HIV infection (CDC, 2016). Children and Tobacco users are also at greater risk to fall ill with TB.
Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic bacterial infection that affects millions of people globally. It is a contagious disease that is spread through the air, and it usually affects the lungs. It is transmitted from person to person through droplets from the respiratory tract of those who are already infected with the disease. Some who are infected with the bacteria that causes TB often exhibit no symptoms, because their immune systems stop the bacteria from growing and multiplying. Those with compromised immune systems are more susceptible to developing the full blown disease which can cause symptoms that include coughing, spitting blood, chest pains, weakness, weight loss, and fever. Tuberculosis can be treated with a six to nine month course of a combination of antibiotics. If left untreated, TB will spread and can be fatal.
Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection, this bacterial is called Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. This bacteria can affect any part of the body but most commonly attacks the lungs. Different parts that gets attack are the kidney, spine, and brain. This bacterial infection can be contagious, most commonly spread by having constant contact with a person with the active infection. This infection can be deadly if not treated.
Pulmonary tuberculosis is usually caused when a person coughs or sneeze and breath in air droplets of a bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis). Sometimes; if a person lives in a small contained home that is not cleaned and have no sunlight coming into the home may put them at risk of developing tuberculosis. Homeless people can be at risk for tuberculosis because that are not getting any nutrition and live in a poor environment. People that are living with HIV are really at risk of contracted TB because their immune system may be low and are unable to fight off the bacteria due to medication they may be taking. People do not have to necessarily be around a person with TB, their poor living situation can cause them to contracted TB. This bacteria mycobacterium
Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacterial (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) disease that typically targets the lungs, but can also infect other areas in the body, such as the spleen, heart, and brain (this is very rare, however). The transmission of TB can be passed on by a sneeze, cough or spit. Thus, propelling the bacteria to spread into the air, making nearby bystanders that inhale the bacteria infected, but the real danger is to those who are constantly around the infected person, those included could be family members, friends, and health care workers. Keep in mind, however, that TB is not spread by handshaking, sharing food or drinks, using the same toilet seat, and kissing. Some of the symptoms associated with TB include a cough that last more than three weeks, chest pain, coughing up blood or mucous, weakness or fatigue, loss of weight, loss of appetite, chills, fever, and night sweats.
Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the world’s most fatal diseases. One third of the world’s population is infected with TB. Tuberculosis is the primary killer among people infected with HIV. TB has been reported in the United States since 1953. Although, mortality information suggests we have learned to manage the disease overtime, people with TB can die if they do not acquire proper treatment. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention over nine thousand cases have been reported with TB incidences in the United Sates in 2012; over eighty-four thousand was reported in 1953. TB is caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The disease mainly affects the lungs, but it may also infect other body tissues and organs.
Finding it early and finding it late can be a great deal when looking at the various symptoms of tuberculosis. Depending on what type of TB you are; secondary or active tuberculosis multiple symptoms can vary depending on how it spreads through your body. Typically, people with tuberculosis can’t honestly notice if they have TB which leads to major costly operations or death. If they do, it usually starts with a blood-tinged cough or pain in the chest. The blood-tinged cough can also be chronic (constant) and the pain in the chest can be felt simply through just breathing. Throughout the whole body, the most common symptoms can be, chills, fatigue, fever, sweating or sweating of muscles, loss of appetite etc. These common symptoms most likely are depicted as natural occurrences of the body, which is why it is truly not known when you have TB. Although if it occurs too often you can notice it instantly as long as you pay attention to the way your body feels. Along with the outside of the body, the inside of the body can be affected; specifically organs. The most commonly affected organs are the lymph nodes. The lymph nodes are most commonly
Tuberculosis is an infectious disease that is transmitted airborne, meaning it travels from one stricken victim to another through the air. Therefore, one is exposed by being in contact with someone who is afflicted, usually, by day-to-day acquaintance, such as medical professionals, friends, work associates and family members. Even though, those who have compromised immune systems due to other ailments, such as HIV/AIDS, Crohn 's disease, and those who are young or elderly are more susceptible allowing the TB bacteria the opportunity to develop into an active stage. Only a minimum amount of those who are exposed will ever contract the active TB. The reason for this, in most cases after
Tubercle bacillus, more commonly known as Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that is contagious and airborne. TB is in many cases fatal, infectious disease caused by the strains of mycobacteria. Tuberculosis will typically infect the lungs, but is capable of spreading to other parts of the body. An infected individual can spread the infection by coughing, sneezing, laughing or otherwise transmit of respiratory fluids through the air. Tuberculosis ranks as the second leading cause of death from a single infectious agent, after the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). In 1012, 8.6 million people fell ill with TB, including 1.1 million cases from individuals living with HIV. Within the same year, 1.3 million people died
Active TB is characterized by a persistent cough for more than 3 weeks, decreased appetite, general weakness, and profuse night sweats. Not everyone infected with TB bacteria becomes sick with it. Rather, the TB remains latent in the bodies of about 90 percent of those infected and they will not develop TB disease. People with latent TB do not spread TB to others and active tb you can spread it to others (Frith, 2014). Diagnosis for tb can be done through a skin test or chest x-ray. There are also vaccines and drugs for TB. TB can lie low inside a person for decades. An 80-year-old man suffering from active TB may have been infected as a child and may have come down with the disease only as his immune system weakened
Tuberculosis or TB is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Mycobacteria are aerobic bacteria, which do not form spores and are non-motile. They are curved, intracellular rods, and have cell walls made of glycolipids and phospholipidglycans that protect them from lysosomal attacks. TB is one of the world’s deadliest diseases. Approximately one out of three people worldwide are infected; in 2014, 9.6 million people were diagnosed with TB and there were 1.5 million deaths (CDC, 2014). This disease is highly contagious, and although the number of cases reported has decreased, the decrease was smaller than in previous years. New strains of drug resistant TB pose a threat to the global population as a whole; less than half of those diagnosed with drug-resistant TB are successfully cured.
Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by a bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is a contagious infection that begins in the lungs and rapidly pass to other organs in the body including the kidneys, brain and bones. According to (WHO, 2016) nearly one third of the world’s population have tuberculosis, furthermore, approximately two million people die from the disease worldwide. Tuberculosis is spread by inhaling airborne droplets from an infected person. These airborne particles come from the infected person by sneezing, coughing or laughing. Tuberculosis cannot spread, from touching a doorknob after a person with tuberculosis have touch it. Most infectious do not have symptoms, known as latent tuberculosis approximately one in ten latent infections eventually develops latent disease
Tuberculosis is often called “TB.” It spreads when people who have active TB in their lungs cough or sneeze and the droplets come in contact with another person. TB is one of the leading causes of death. This usually results in about 1.8 billion people a year becoming infected with the bacterial disease.
Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by the Bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis also called tubercle bacilli which is an aerobic non-motile bacillus which are approximately 2-4 micrometers in length and 0.2-0.5 um in width.