preview

Tutu And Tutsi Research Paper

Decent Essays
Alain Destexhe states “These colonists considered the Tutsi to be superior to the Hutu. They believed that the Tutsi had ‘superior martial skill and intelligence’ and ‘that the Tutsi at the central court possessed a different physiology from that of the Hutu; and that only Tutsi were pastoralists.” (Destexhe, 38). The colonisers took the myth to “the school-rooms of Rwanda using European-educated teachers. Following the schools, there were mainly Tutsi elite. Tutsi had opportunities to become doctors, teachers, while the Hutus worked in lower administrative jobs, were shopkeepers, farmers, or traders. In 1957, Nzioka explains “the majority Hutu for the first time politically challenged the Tutsi oligarchy and published a manifesto demanding…show more content…
Hutu and Tutsi spoke the same language and practiced similar religions. They also intermarried. “The identity card “ethnicity” of future generations was determined patrilineally; all persons were designated as having the “ethnicity” of their fathers, regardless of the “ethnicity” of their mothers.” (Magnarella, 2002). These practices were carried on until its abolition by the 1994 post-genocide government. Paul Magnarella observes “had the unfortunate consequence of firmly attaching a sub-national identity to all Rwandans and thereby rigidly dividing them into categories, which, for many people, carried a negative history of dominance-subordination, superiority, inferiority, and exploitation-suffering.” (Magnarella, 2002). Hutu and Tutsi lived together relatively peacefully following in the 19th century. However, Magnarella states “time when their total population was comparatively low (probably less than two million, versus over seven million in 1993) and land supply for both Hutu farmers and Tutsi cattle grazers was ample. With rapid population growth in the twentieth century, the situation changed. Rwanda was faced with a critical food-people-land imbalance.” Things continued to change and it suddenly became a competition for both Hutu and Tutsi. Fearon and Laitin argues “the notion that identities are socially constructed is indisputable in social psychology and political science studies. It is the most basic criteria for
    Get Access