Unconditioned Response

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question 1 unconditioned stimulus would be smoking effects on brain & lungs An unconditioned stimulus (US) is a stimulus that produces a response without prior learning; food was the US in Pavlov's experiments. undconditioned response would be the reactions to smoking. An unconditioned response (UR) is an unlearned reaction that is automatically elicited by the US. Unconditioned responses are involuntary; they happen in response to a stimulus without conscious effort. In Pavlov's experiment, salivating in response to food was the UR.In classical conditioning, a conditioned stimulus (CS) is a previously neutral stimulus that eventually elicits a conditioned response after being paired with the unconditioned stimulus. The conditioned response …show more content…

Much research on moral reasoning and thinking has revolved around Lawrence Kohlberg's theory of moral development and reactions to it.Moral relativism is the view that moral judgments are true or false only relative to some particular standpoint (for instance, that of a culture or a historical period) and that no standpoint is uniquely privileged over all others. It has often been associated with other claims about morality: notably, the thesis that different cultures often exhibit radically different moral values; the denial that there are universal moral values shared by every human society; and the insistence that we should refrain from passing moral judgments on beliefs and practices characteristic of cultures other than our …show more content…

Personality may be based on many factors. It may be based on innate or learned experience, or latent or manifest. But, the focus of this essay will be whether a person's personality is based on the magnitude of genetic or an environmental influence. Personality can be divided into two categories, innate or acquired characteristics. Heritability is a statistical measure that expresses the proportion of the observed variability in a trait that is a direct result of genetic variability. Environmental influences can be divided into two classes, shared and non-shared environment. Both heredity and environment contribute to personality traits and that the degree of their individual contributions cannot be specified for any traits. Although a person's environment plays an important part in their personality development, heredity factors play a larger role in deciding disposition of this

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