United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea

1018 WordsJul 13, 20185 Pages
UNMEE in Ethiopia and Eritrea Introduction In June 2000, after the two years of a border dispute, Ethiopia and Eritrea agreed on Cessation of Hostilities organised by Algeria and the Organization of African Unity (OAU). In July, the Security Council established the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE), and in September, UNMEE was authorised by the Council to ensure the observance of security commitments and to monitor the cessation of hostilities. UNMEE was the most recent case of a traditional peacekeeping operation deployed from 2000 to 2008. The paper analyse the change of UNMEE mandate and the challenges the mission faced. What were the main points of the mandate (if any)? First of all UNMEE's original…show more content…
Later the number of UNMEE forces have reduced slowly and been reconfigured over the period due to several reasons: the less activities in the Boundary Commission, better stability in TSZ area, the less need of physical presence due to the increase of air-surveillance use and, the change of parties' attitude. . What challenges did the mission face? As mentioned earlier, despite of main military actions, UNMEE operation was limited to quite sensitive and was repeatedly hindered by reluctance of the parties towards the Mission. When UNMEE relation with the two states deteriorated highly in late autumn 2005, Eritrea forbidden all UNMEE air-forces from its air-zone and restricted the UNMEE personnel´s freedom of movement. In addition, Ethiopian authority refused a decision of the Eritrea - Ethiopia Boundary Commission without precondition. One of the most crucial event happened when the Agreement on Cessation of Hostilities was violated by forcible entrance of about 1000 Eritorean Defence Forces at the UNMEE checkpoint in Maileba, which is located in TSZ. In the consequence, Jordanian battalion who were in charged in this UNMEE checkpoint, were overthrown by the temporal control of the armed Eritrean militia. Another great challenge for the UNMEE was that although a Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) was signed by Ethiopia and the UN on March 22nd 2001, Eritrea never even
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