The College Board Advanced Placement Examination 1987 UNITED STATES HISTORY Section II - Part A (Suggested writing time - 45 minutes) Percent of Section II score - 45 Directions: The following question requires you to construct a coherent essay that integrates your interpretation of Documents A-1 and your knowledge of the period referred to in the question. In your essay, you should strive to support your assertions both by citing key pieces of evidence from the documents and by drawing on your knowledge of the period. 1. "By the 1850's the Constitution, originally framed as an instrument of national unity, had become a source of sectional discord and tension and ultimately contributed to the failure of the union it had created." …show more content…
. . All for which the slave States have ever contended, is to be let alone and permitted to manage their domestic institutions in their own way: As sovereign States, they, and they alone, are responsible before God and the world for the slavery existing among them. . . . "The Southern States, standing on the basis of the Constitution, have a right to demand this act of justice from the States of the North. Should it be refused, then the Constitution, to which all the States are parties, will have been willfully violated by one portion of them in a provision essential to the domestic security and happiness of the remainder. In that event the injured States, after having first used all peaceful and constitutional means to obtain redress, would be justified in revolutionary resistance to the Government of the Union. . . . "The question fairly stated is, Has the Constitution delegated to Congress the power to coerce a State into submission which is attempting to withdraw or has actually withdrawn from the Confederacy? If answered in the affirmative, it must be on the principle that the power has been conferred upon Congress to declare and to make war against a State. After much serious reflection I have arrived at the conclusion that no such power has been delegated to
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The second document the speech to Georgia from Mississippi Secession Commissioner charges the North with disregard for the constitution based on Article 1 sec 2&9, Article 4 section 2 and therefore being hostile and an enemy to the South. They further charge the Black Republican rule, of breaking and overturning the Constitution of the United States. These charges are based on the North’s
Throughout the study of American history, scholars and students alike are quick to paint certain people, institutions and events as uniformly bad or good. These claims are most commonly made with the substantial benefit of hindsight, and while some of these descriptions are accurate and well-founded in fact, many exhibit a clear bias and ignore the nuances of the events they are describing. To avoid characterization in such a binary system, numerous sources and viewpoints must be consulted in the study of American history.
Throughout history, people have gone to extreme lengths to secure their economic well being. The people in the Southern states were no different in this regard, and for this reason we affirm the resolution that the South was justified to secede from the Union. Before going any farther, we must define key terms in the resolution. The South refers to the 11 states who became the Confederate States of America. The Union was the United States in 1860. Lastly, justified means done for a legitimate reason, in this case in the context of the political and economic circumstances of the time. We support our affirmation with the following contention: that the South’s economic interests were in such danger that they took the only path available to them
There has been much debate as to whether the Civil War could have been avoided or not. The Evansville Daily Journal argues that the Civil War was inevitable, but Alexander Stephens disagrees and proposes that the war could have been avoided. Stephen’s argument is superior to the Evansville Daily Journal one because it objectively talks about the recent changes in the United States, explains the different views between the North and South, and tries to convince people that a war is not necessary.
The following question requires you to write a coherent essay incorporating your interpretation of the documents and your knowledge of the period specified in the question. To earn a high score you are required to cite key pieces of evidence from the documents and draw on your knowledge of the period.
Directions: The following question requires you to construct a coherent essay that integrates your interpretation of Documents A-I and your knowledge of the period referred to in the question. High scores will be earned only by essays that both cite key pieces of evidence from the documents and draw on outside knowledge of the period. Some of the documents have been edited, and wording and punctuation have been modernized.
Some states attempted to nullify unfavorable laws. This was viewed as open rebellion and ultimately lead to the secession of North Carolina. North Carolina seceded from the union on December 24, 1860, claiming that certain duties were imposed on states and many of their powers were restrained. They argued that this imperiled their continued existence as sovereign states and that they could secede because the right is implicit in the constitution. They provided legal documents provided in the law of compact stating that the federal government did not uphold its agreement to honor North Carolina's rights as a sovereign state ((Document A). This constitutional development helped contribute to a revolution because after these drastic actions taken by the Southern states, the questions of the states rights needed to be resolved. Since the North had won the Civil War provided them the opportunity for them to put down the idea of nullification and secession to rest permanently. These results of the war gave more power to the federal government and kept tension rising in between the
Reconstruction The end of Civil War in 1877 when the last federal troops were pulled out of the South is known as Reconstruction. Although the process could not begin to the end of war, attempts at restoring the war began long before. The Civil War was the most bitter war, it has been called the brother’s war, or the “War of Northern Aggression.” Over 600,000 Americans died during the Civil War and another 400,000 suffered wounds.
Write a coherent essay that integrates your interpretation of Documents A–H and your knowledge of the period to answer the following question:
American expansionism in the late 19th century and early 20th century was, to a large extent, a continuation of past United States expansionism, while also departing with previous expansionism in some aspects. During the period of time between the late 19th century and early 20th century, America was going through significant changes. After a revolution in Cuba against the Spanish, as well as the Americans starting the Spanish-American War, the Americans received several territorial concessions from their defeated opponent. Thus, America started on the path to imperialism, gaining several more territories in a short amount of time. Such an expansion in the late 19th century and early 20th century was mostly a continuation of past
Directions: The following question is based on the accompanying Documents 1- 13 (The documents have been edited for the purpose of this exercise.) This question is designed to test your ability to work with and understand historical documents. Write an essay that: Has a relevant thesis and supports that thesis with evidence from the documents. Uses all or all but one of the documents. Analyzes the documents by grouping them in as many appropriate ways as possible. Does not simply summarize the documents individually. Takes into account both the sources of the documents and the author’s points of view.