Venus : The Planet Venus

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The Planet Venus is named after the Roman Goddess of Love and Beauty. It is the second planet from the sun. Very similar in size and mass as the Earth. Some distinctive features of Venus are its rotation, Its brightness and its hot temperatures, Venus rotates in the opposite direction of the other planets. Astronomers believe that this was caused by a collision with and object such as an asteroid. It takes Venus 225 days to orbit around the sun once. The brightness of Venus is greater than all the other planets. Only the moon is brighter. Venus can be seen during the day on a clear day. During early civilization Greeks thought that Venus was two different objects. When the orbit around the sun passes the earth's orbit Venus' visibility changes from being visible after sunset to being visible before sunrise. With a temperature of 462 C, Venus is the hottest planet in our solar system. Due to its rotation and the fact that it has no tilt, Venus has no seasons. The temperature is always hot. Venus' similarities with the planet earth make scientists believe that they also have the same type of structure, with an interior core, mantle and crust. The structure of Venus was shaped by volcanic activity. The surface is about 300 to 600 million years old. In 1970 the European space Agency performed missions on Venus that gave indication of volcanic activities in Venus. They have indicated that since there is no rainfall in Venus the volcanic eruptions are cause of the lightning.

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