Vienna Settlement

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Fourth History Test: How far did the Vienna Settlement contribute to maintaining the peace in Europe in the period 1815-1914? The Vienna Settlement refers to a series of agreements made by the European powers at the Congress of Vienna in 1815. As the peace terms with France had already been decided by the Treaty of Paris (signed earlier on May 30, 1814), the Congress of Vienna was mainly concerned with solving the problems brought about by the Napoleonic wars. To solve these problems, the four European powers reached certain agreements at the Congress of Vienna on June 9, 1815. These settlements, consisting of both territorial and political ones, were commonly known as the Vienna Settlement. There were many factors contributing to …show more content…

The powers called four meetings in the name of


the Quadruple Alliance during 1818-22. Among these meetings, the Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle contributed to peace. At this congress, the powers agreed to withdraw the army of occupation from France and to admit France into the Quadruple Alliance. The former agreement removed French hostility against the powers; while the latter showed that the Quadruple Alliance was not directed against France. Both improved France’s relations with other powers, and France was longer a threat to peace. In these ways, the Congress System helped to keep peace. According to the analysis above, there were at least two factors which helped to keep the peace of Europe in the period 1815-1914 --- the Vienna Settlement and the Congress System. Undoubtedly, the parts of the settlements made at Vienna in 1815 relating to encircle France with stronger buffer states and to build a balance of power in Europe contributed to peace. On the other hand, the Congress System also gave peace to Europe by removing any excuse from France to start a war of revenge on her former enemies. Which one between these two was a more important one? As the Vienna Settlement not only stopped France from future aggression, but it also provided Europe with a more sustainable peace by creating an effective balance of power in Europe. In other words, the Vienna Settlement removed two possible threats to peace ---

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