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Violations Of International Humanitarian Law

Decent Essays
Nowadays, the number of violations of international humanitarian law 's norms had become an increasing phenomena. The situation requires urgent and effective international control and prosecution in international tribunals for grave crimes recognised under international humanitarian law as crimes presenting real threat for humanity and peace. In order to control such crimes, the relevant legal mechanisms for international prosecution were established by creation of ad-hoc tribunals: International Criminal Tribunal for former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) . In 1993, UN Security Council established ICTY as result of grave violations of international humanitarian law in the territory of former Yugoslavia. This tribunal was created on ad hoc basis as a subsidiary organ of UN. The ICTY determines the individual criminal responsibility, according to its Statute. The former was allowed to operate jurisdiction over grave abuses of Geneva Conventions, violations of the laws and customs of war, genocide, crimes against humanity, which were allegedly committed in the territory of former Yugoslavia since 1991 in time of armed conflict. As it was noticed by UN Security Council, the International Criminal Tribunal for former Yugoslavia was created in the belief that it would ‘contribute to ensuring that such violations are halted and effectively repressed’.
The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda was founded in response to internal
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