Recent increases in obesity levels in the majority of western societies  may be leading to higher levels of body consciousness and body related depression as well as unhealthy eating behaviours. The aim of this current study is to better understand the possible correlations between age, weight, self-body perceptions, emotional based eating behaviours and depression levels. In the current study it can be hypothesised that there will be a strong correlation between all these variables e.g. age, BMI, body image, eating behaviours and depression and that therefore we can try to counteract aspects of depression and body image through improving both health as well as body image itself. These variables have been chosen to study this area as …show more content…
BMI was chosen as it is a widely recognised scale of measuring people’s physical level of healthy weight and covers both the underweight end to the overweight and obese ends of the spectrum. The BMI scale gives a better indicator of ones health than just assessing someone’s weight . Depression was chosen as a variable to be included in the current study as it can be predicted that it may have an effect on or be a result of both body image or as the result of an undesirable BMI score . Previous research that has been conducted on issues such as eating behaviours, depression in relation to weight issues or in regards to body image itself tends to be primarily focused on the younger ages, of teenagers or people in their 20’s for example  and  show just a fraction of the research aimed at adolescents. However these issues do not necessarily resolve themselves once an individual has reached a certain age therefore it is important to also continue and expand research into different demographic of ages in order to see the effects on the wider population other than young individuals. Method Participants The participants for this current study included 123 adults who were seeking out weight loss within a commercial program through dieting and healthy eating. Of these 123 participants 120 were female with a mean (M) age of 41.79 years and a standard
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Obesity causing depression on adolescents is an important topic because depressive symptoms are the beginning phase to depression. These young adults who are clinically obese feel like outsiders and do not feel like they belong in society’s norm. They suffer from daily teasing and put-downs and from other kids because of what they physically look like. Their weight causes them to be rejected from others as well as themselves. Having this happen day after day will lead to a feeling of hopelessness and gradually leading to the early stages of depression. This is a serious turning point because once one becomes depressed they tend to lose their sense of self efficacy. Then which latently leads one to hurt their body even more through eating
Depression is when an individual has feelings of hopelessness and has very little energy to accomplish tasks; many people have tremendous trouble sustaining an interest in life. In today’s culture, girls have become more depressed in adolescence compared to boys (Stice and Bearman). One of the major influences on why girls are frequently more depressed than boys, is that girls struggle to obtain the perfect body in their own eyes. Findings show that, compared to teen boys, teen girls have higher body shame. Fifty-three percent of adolescent girls reported being dissatisfied with their body after the study (Knauss). Low-self esteem, combined with depression, can potentially be very dangerous for young women.
The purpose of the “Systematic Review: An Evaluation of Major Commercial Weight Loss Programs in the United States” was to determine if what the individual companies offer the customers of their
Societal pressure also comes in the form of body shaming, which is defined as the criticism of another person’s body shape or appearance. According to a 2016 study, there is correlation between body shaming, body dissatisfaction, and eating disorders, all of which happen to be most prevalent in young women (Mustapic p. 447). In recent years, body shaming has become a huge problem due to the popularity of social media platforms. Women of all shapes and sizes are ridiculed on Instagram, Facebook, Snapchat, and other sites for not conforming to societal normalities. The 2016 study also assessed eating disorders in relation to age and body mass index (BMI) of participants (Mustapic p. 449). Age did not have much effect on the data, which is unsurprising due to the fact that all participants were close in age. What is more surprising, however, is that BMI also had little effect on the data. One would think that women with greater BMIs would
Synonymous with the growing fast food industry is the increasing problem of obesity. In addition, activity levels have decreased in conjunction with the rise in obesity. The current research has concentrated on food choices such as requiring a change to fruits and vegetables in relation to fast food, snacking or measure physical activity for weight loss and to reduce the incidence of obesity. Future weight loss programs should look at not only food restriction or activity levels but what combination is the best method for long-term outcomes in health and weight loss, and if this naturally leads to a reduction in the consumption of fast
First, psychological consequences of being overweight or obese eating disorders such as binge eating, bulimia and anorexia. In “Bare Bones” (310), Emily Wierenga tells a powerful story of a 12-year-old girl named Carolyn who suffers from anorexia based on her fear of becoming fat. Wierenga’s purpose is to inform the psychological aspects that obesity evokes on one’s body. Anorexia may begin with a desire to diet to lose a few pounds, it also can be a fear of being overweight, but it occurs when the person becomes overly involved in the diet and limits food more than is healthy. In addition, being overweight also causes depression. Many times, people who suffer from obesity often feel they have a low quality of life. Obesity can cause poor self-image, low self-esteem, and social isolation, all known contributors to depression. People experiencing depression overeat or make poor food choices and avoid exercising. Depressed people experience decreased levels of the serotonin have a tendency toward obesity they tend to self-medicate by overeating and restore their normal serotonin levels. Also, obesity also causes lowered self-esteem and body dissatisfaction, most obese individuals feel ‘ugly’ or unattractive. This greatly affects their confidence to interact with people. Psychological issues play significant roles in both the development and consequences of
According to Rofey et al. (2009), 199 of 285 students had major depressive disorders, 99 were merely identified as low-risk children, and 43 had the anxiety disorders. The depressed and anxious groups had higher BMI percentiles compared to the control groups (Rofey et al., 2009 p. 521). Females with depression had higher BMI percentiles than controls. And males with anxiety had higher BMI percentiles than controls; however, according to Rofey et al. (2009), the BMI percentiles of all males-whether low-risk, anxious, depression-dropped an astonishing 9 percent over the course of one year (Rofey et al., 2009
“Body image begins to form in grade school because that’s when children/people start comparing themselves to others,” said Dr. Gene Beresin, a child and adult psychiatrist and associate professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical. Body image is how a person perceives themselves, including their imagination, emotional, and physical sensations (The Media and Body Image, 1). Teens that suffer from negative body image let the bad thoughts shatter their self-esteem, the sense of how valuable they are as people (Maynard, 1). The lowered self-esteem may lead to depression, eating disorders, or mental disorders. Bryan Karazsia, the associate professor of psychology at the College of Wooster, said, “Body dissatisfaction is not linked with health. It’s linked with a lot of negative things like eating disorders, unhealthy exercise habits, low self-esteem, and depression.”
Many studies have connected negative body image to depression, anxiety, and suicidal thoughts. In most cases, the subjects were not even overweight. The real problem is the body image the world places upon them, not the people themselves. This is especially prevalent today, with the media and internet forcing these image on Americans even more. In almost all cases of these there is a direct correlation to negative body
In today’s society, many adolescent girls are dissatisfied with their body image due to comparing themselves to the media’s unrealistic ideal thin body. Since they grow up in a world filled with mass media such as television, films, magazines, movies, music, newspaper and the Internet, it is very easy to come across this ideal body image (Morris & Katzman, 2003). As teen girls associate with this ideal thinness they tend to be dissatisfied with their own body image, which can put them at risk for serious eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa (Kerr 2010). Depression also plays a part in the dissatisfied body image of adolescent girls as well.
Chronic dieting, low self-esteem, depression and, high levels of body dissatisfaction were among the major issues women face when addressing their body image (Gingras, Fitzpatrick, & McCargar, 2004). The severity of body image dissatisfaction have increased to such a dangerous state that it was added to the DSM-IV as a disorder now called body dysmorphic disorder (Suissa, 2008). One of the main reasons for the prevalence of these conditions in women was due to contemporary Western media, which serve as one of the major agent in enforcing an ultra-thin figure as the ideal for female beauty (Saraceni & Russell-Mayhew, 2007). These images and models presented by the media have become the epitome of beauty, pushing women who internalized these images to dangerous extent to attain these norms. According to evidence from previous studies, contemporary Western cultures have influenced women to an acquired normative state of discontent with their bodies, which have become the source of maladaptive eating practices, negative psychological outcomes, and, chronic health conditions associated with eating disorders (Snapp, Hensley-Choate, & Ryu, 2012). The seriousness of these body image conditions among youths and women have also led to congressional actions.
I found a positive correlation between self versus ideal body image scores and eaten behaviors (r = .59), which was statistically significant (p <0.001). The p-value was significant at the .01 level; we can be over 99.9% confident that the results did not emerge due to chance. This suggests that as participants reports create a lower the average of self versus ideal body image, they also report more eating behaviors.
Feeding into and completing this cycle Dixon, et al. (2003) stated that obesity is a cause of depression. Obese persons have a feeling of hopelessness and a low self esteem which causes them to be less physically active because they may see exercise as another place where they will fail (Artal, Sherman, & DiNubile, 1998).
Body image is a major concern amongst the majority, primarily the youth of the female population, ranging from as young as five years old to tertiary students, ’74.4% of the normal-weight women stated that they thought about their weight or appearance ‘all the time’ or ‘frequently’’ (Brown University, unknown).
In addition, patients with eating disorders also exhibit other traits associated with low self-esteem, such as problems with their overall self-image, excessive concern over weight and shape, and globally negative attitudes about their self-control and discipline (Button 1997). The methodology for the research leading to these conclusions about low self-esteem and eating disorders typically involves elements such as questionnaires examining eating behavior, self-esteem and general psychological well-being (such as the Offer self-image questionnaire), depression and self-esteem scales (such as the Rosenberg self-esteem scale and the Hospital anxiety and depression scale), personal interviews with doctors, psychologists and researchers, and finally tests designed specifically for eating disorders (such as the Bulimia test and the EAT-40).