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What Are The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Refugees

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Nowadays a plethora of definitions exists in refugee issue, therefore, judicial harmonization should be one of the priorities to tackle this problem. There are refugees themselves, asylum seekers, forcibly displaced persons, stateless persons and finally economic migrants. Refugees are persons identified in Article 1 of the 1951 Convention, however any of the above-mentioned categories can fall under “refugee” status as well under relevant circumstances. Asylum seekers are persons, who have fled their countries and claim to be refugees, but their asylum applications are yet to be reviewed, hence they are not recognized as refugees in legal terms. Forcibly displaced persons may also qualify as refugees, should they cross the international border and their application for asylum is successful, i.e. they present substantial proof that they had to fled their home country because of the persecution. Stateless persons can become refugees on similar grounds, insofar they meet the requirements prescribed in Article 1 of the 1951 Convention. As for the economic migrants, there is also a chance that they could qualify as refugees, in case in addition to severe economic conditions in their home countries they also face the risk of persecution.
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All-encompassing approach shall allow to include the most persecuted group possible within the term “refugee” and grant them required international legal protection under 1951 Convention and 1967 Protocol. Furthermore, it supersedes current definitions and nullifies existing contradictions between them, as anyone can qualify as a refugee provided he faces or may face substantiated fear of prosecution. Overall, the proposed approach is more humanitarian than the existing, as its primary aim is to treat one’s life precious and place survival of a human being above the
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