Essay on What Factors Affect Voter Turnout and Election Results

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Voter turnout, as well as election results, depend upon and are effected by several different factors. Everything from family status to beliefs about abortion can determine how a person will vote. In my presentation, however, I focused on three aspects that effect voter turnout and elections. I found, in my research, that a voter's age, sex and party identification greatly factor into how a person will cast his or her vote.

Men and women differ greatly in many aspects of life, and voting is one of them. In the 1992 Presidential elections, women were found by the U.S. Census' Current Population Reports to have voted two percent more than men did. Of the 62% of women who did vote, more were found to have supported Bill Clinton rather
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this low voting rate was attributed to a general lack of feeling of responsibility. As young adults age, marry, and become parents, their sense of community and responsibility increases, while their apathy toward voting decreases, (Abramson 116). Another reason for low voter turnout numbers for 18 to 24-year-olds is their generally low levels of party loyalties. Not having strong party ties decreases one's incentive to vote.

Registration and voting organizations such as MTV's Rock the Vote have been accredited with increasing young Americans' voter turnout numbers. Rock the Vote's primary focus, since its founding in 1990, has been increasing voter registration within the nation's youngest age group. The organization frequently hosts Get-Out-the-Vote drives on college campuses and on concert tours in order to reach young people. since its beginning, support for Rock the Vote has been massive, and in 1992 it was recognized for influencing more than one million young voters to participate in electing their President.

Voter turnout for other age groups also increased in 1992, but those numbers were not considered to be a significant rise because age groups with citizens over 45-years-old already have generally high turnout. According to the U.S. Census' Current Population Reports, the 45 to 64-years-old age group was reported to have 75.3% of registered voters actually voting, while those in the 65 years or older category
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