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What Is Participant Observation?

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Observation is watching events, people or activities in their natural setting. Observation can be non-participant (detached) and participant (involved). Participant observation is regarded as a scientific tool because the researchers study people in their natural environment; however, the researchers must be as objective as possible (non-judgmental; not overly involved) to capture the reality of the subject (Maciones & Plummer, 2005). The participant observation is further broken down in overt (obvious) and covert (hidden). Therefore, observation was chosen, because the researcher is able to examine the participants in their natural environment and the research utilized participant observation as a means of collecting data from the students
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