What Is The Euthyphro Dilemma

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Another endless problem of divine law is the Euthyphro Dilemma. In one of the dialogue between Socrates and Euthyphro, Plato who was Socrate’s disciple and was an eminent philosopher in Classical Greece had written a philosophical discussion which had occurred in the king’s court. Socrates who was also another classical Greek philosopher had been charged by Miletus for corrupting the youth of Athens by leading them away from belief in the proper gods. In the course of their conversation, Socrates is surprised to discover that Euthyphro is prosecuting his own father for the murder of a servant. Euthyphro’s family is upset with him because of this, and they believe that what he is doing for prosecuting his own father is impious. Euthyphro maintains…show more content…
This shows that divine law requires the existence of God, as the divine lawgiver. The problem of this question raises a two-fold implications. Firstly, if a thing is good simply because God says it is, then it seems that God could say anything was good and it would be. If God commanded that we inflict suffering on others for fun is good, then doing so would be morally right. We would be obligated to do so, because God commanded it. This might include things that we instinctively know to be evil, like rape, theft or murder. Hence, this could mean that the very foundation of morality set by god itself is arbitrary. Secondly, if God is simply reporting a thing's goodness, then it can be said that He is no longer the standard for goodness. People would not want to adhere to a standard above God that He must bow to. Therefore, this causes the dilemma with the divine law. In other words, divine law faces a dilemma as to whether morality either rests on arbitrary foundations, or God is not the source of ethics and is subject to an external moral law, both of which allegedly compromise his supreme moral and metaphysical
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