Chicago is a beautiful city with many different people and things to learn or experience; however, it is a city of segregation, and it has been that way for a long time. Even though it may not be quite visible today, it still happening thorough our city. However, what is so special about ethnicity that people have to hate on each other? Is it because we all are born with different backgrounds or is it because we are raised to hate others? In the history of Chicago’s segregation, we learn about how the whites are seen as the superior beings than others in America. Moreover, we all have seen and learn how race is displayed through our media. Additionally, we all have grown up attaining knowledge from our elders, and we learn about values in life. The society of Chicago are segregated by our history, media, and standards.
During the brink of war in World War II to the Civil Rights era, the United States was globally known for their considerable dedication of nationwide pride and prosperity as the outside perspective of the nation was depicted as a powerhouse along with a booming economy. However, the inside perspective of the nation gave away its true colors, becoming a tough pill to swallow as the minority of the United States’ population experienced a time of turmoil facing the white majority. It was fairly easy to overlook the prime examples of racial injustice in the 20th century, but not unfairly to sense the hardship for equality. Victims of the crimes of hatred and vengeance were heavily targeted as being Japanese-Americans and African-Americans. The motive for the discrimination of the Japanese-Americans was influenced by the bombing of Pearl Harbor by Japan, which caused mainstream hatred toward all persons of Japanese ancestry. As an act of precaution, all Japanese-Americans were forced to be imprisoned in internment camps until the end of the war. Moreover, the pursuit of racial equality for African-Americans was a continuous struggle that ensured the limitations of their freedom and civil rights. Whereas one of the incentive for the cause of segregation was merely to input fear to distribute the mindset of whites being the dominant race. Both the Japanese-Americans and the African-Americans battled the impaired judgement that was written all over the partial citizenship they were
Racism was still very strong and this kept the African Americans from even getting to help defend their own country. With the attack on Pearl Harbor, hopes for a change in segregation arose and the military started the ‘Tuskegee Experiment.’
The Tuskegee Airmen handled segregation very well during their time in training for World War Two. The training of the Tuskegee Airmen was an essential part of their achievements in the war. “[…]Tuskegee Institute was nominated as the citizen contract faculty to accommodate and prepare African American aeronautics cadets and pre-flight and primary flight preparation level” (Carter). This shows that without the Tuskegee Institute, the Tuskegee Airmen would not have been trained correctly to fly and fight in the war. The location of the Tuskegee Institute in Tuskegee, Alabama showed that the Airmen fought through a great deal of segregation. In addition, the Civil Pilots Training Act played a major role in the start of the Airmen’s training.
During the Late Nineteenth Century, white southerners used strict laws within the legal system and violence to prolong the economic and political oppression of African Americans which led to the Jim Crow Segregation system being created. Although the southern whites were trying to maintain the oppression, blacks relied on each other’s help and the help of the military to fight back and keep order and peace as best as they could.
During World War I, black troops faced poor training and lack of supplies has well has segregation, they where separated from white barracks and where not allow in the same clubs has white soldiers. White Officers didn’t like the idea of harming them or even training them how to use a weapon. They believed that by nature black where inferior to them making argument has “Negro brain is smaller than white; his brain weighs 35 ounces contrasted with 45 for the white” (Gropman).
During the 1940’s, the African American’s during that time were under the Jim Crow laws. Jim Crow laws permitted segregation to be legal in the south. That means anywhere, whether it is the school, the mall, even a park. Segregation was at full swing. There were some white men and women who stayed and helped, but if they didn’t wanted to be seen with them, they didn’t. The people above them wouldn’t let them help till almost the end of the war. I believe it was just another way for the government to show control during that time. But when it was their time to shine, they took it, and that is why they are in the history books
In the period of World War II, Los Angeles consisted of thousands of United States servicemen who were assigned to guard the Pacific coast, many who were stationed at the Naval Reserve in Chavez Ravine.19 White servicemen who spent their time on leave were in constant conflict with the pachucos, who dressed in the popular Zoot Suits. Tensions between the groups began to escalate when a fight occurred in June 1943, which resulted in riots that lasted one week known as the Zoot Suit Riots.20 Mexican Americans greatly rebelled against the unexpressed rules of white individuals; as such, sailors and servicemen decided to seek revenge for the difficulties they encountered with Mexican Americans and wanted to teach them a lesson.21 Their actions were intended to restore order and make certain that Mexican Americans would follow the social norms and rules that preserved white privilege. Pagán describes the riots his article of Los Angeles Geopolitics and the Zoot Suit Riot as “a contest between social conformity and individuality, between men as men, and between competing fictional geographies that shaped their sense of place and their responses to one another.”22 Los Angeles policemen wanted to remain uninvolved during the riots as they did not want to interfere with the white servicemen and were unwilling to protect civilians; however, they
In World War II, all different races served in the military branches all over the world. There was a lot of racism going on throughout this period, with any race, but especially at this time it was happening with African Americans. African Americans struggled to be able to fight for their rights just to be able to protect their country. There are a lot of significant things concerning race that happened during WWII. Even though, the WWII did have a higher rate of blacks who had enlisted into the military. They still had segregated the troops not even just that it was their social life, church services, different functions; they were all segregated from each other. Earlier in the war, black soldiers
When driving through any state in America, it is hard not to notice the segregation that often establishes itself throughout the neighborhoods; there exists a clear distinction what streets are predominantly populated by White, Black, Hispanic, Arab, or other racial groups. According to recent analysis of the U.S. Census Data, “Chicago is the most diverse city, as well as the most segregated” (chicago.cbslocal.com). This raises the question of whether or not Chicago has also joined the bandwagon of so many cities across the United States where it has become an accepted social circumstance that every ethnic, racial, political, or religious group in a community must stand alone to overcome their own struggles and “fight their own battles”. Chicago is a city that defies the pattern of separation in activism. Chicago has become the symbol not
Furthermore, segregation had many effects on African-American in Chicago. Segregation affected the lives of many African-Americans. According to the Encyclopedia of Chicago, “This ‘Black Belt’ was an area of aging, dilapidated housing that stretched 30 blocks along State Street” (Manning). Black southerners, who moved to the north to work in factories, found a lack of affordable housing and terrible living conditions. African Americans were only welcomed in the Black Belt. The increasing population of African-American caused an overcrowded slum in the Black Belt. African Americans found themselves trapped. Apartment buildings were run down and old which endangered residents. Landlords divided apartments in half to provide more housing and more
During World War II, many African American Soldiers served the country with distinction. Most African Americans were assigned to non-combat units and worked in supply, maintenance and transportation jobs behind the front lines, but late in the war heavy troop losses forced the military to place more African American Soldiers into combat jobs as both commissioned officers and enlisted Soldiers. This went against long held beliefs that the black Soldier did not have what it took to be combat Soldiers. Soldiers in segregated units like the 92nd Division, the 761st Tank Battalion, the more famous Tuskegee Airmen and the
After the blacks got the right to vote the whites responded with not letting the blacks use the same public facilities as them. (A&E Television Networks, 2009) The blacks than had to have separate bathrooms and water fountains. As they wanted to join the military they were still discriminated against and got paid less, as the cold war came president Truman ended discrimination towards blacks in the military. In 1957 nine black kids showed up to Central High School and the school responded with sending in the national guard to escort them out. (A&E Television Networks,
When ship messman Dorie Miller was on the navy, the navy was segregated and black people were not given combat roles or weaponry training . Miller was doing laundry when the Japanese surprise attack on battleship West Virginia at Pearl Harbor broke out on December 7, 1941. He immediately went to his station, antiaircraft-battery magazine . After seeing the torpedo damage of the magazines, he quickly turned his attention to helping move the ship’s captain and several of crewman to safety  . Without any machine gun training, Miller
“Soldiers were fighting the world’s worst racist, Adolph Hitler, in the world’s most segregated,” historian Stephen Ambrose later wrote. The white people didn’t want the black people to be with them. They’re always treated as second-class citizen. The trailblazing black paratrooper students were completely segregated the white students on their posts. The black were in one section of Fort Benning, and the white were in another. They had nothing to do with the white soldiers; they had nothing to do with the black. Black people were also not allowed to go to the counter. They didn’t want them to stand in the line with the white trainees, so they had someone to bring them their food.